The city of Buenos Aires is included to the province Buenos Aires
Presentation of the destination
Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and has a population of 2,890,151 people. Buenos Aires is the number one visited city in all of South America and second in all of Latin America, behind Mexico City. The city is most famous for its culture and boasts the highest concentration of theaters of any city in the world. It is also well known for its European architecture throughout the city. Buenos Aires lies on the Rio de la Plata River and was first reached by Europeans in 1516. However the city was not established until later in 1536 by a group of Spaniards headed by Pedro de Mendoza. The warmest months are December, January and February with temperatures reaching highs of 29°C (84°F). Lows in the winter months of June, July and August drop to 6°C (43°F). The official language of Argentina is Spanish and the currency used is the peso. Buenos Aires is found in the time zone UTC -3.
Points of interests / things to see
La Casa Rosada, or the “Pink House,” is the office of the president of Argentina. It is a national monument and due to its pink color, it is considered to be one of the most emblematic buildings of Buenos Aires. The building sits on the Plaza de Mayo, which is the principal square in Buenos Aires. The building was constructed in the latter half of the 19th century. Before the Casa Rosada was built, on the site previously there stood a fort that had been built in 1594 by the founder of the city, Juan de Garay. The museum in the Casa Rosada also includes remains from the original fort as well as memorabilia from previous presidents such as furniture, books, and three carriages. There are two theories/stories as to why the house is pink. One is that in an attempt to pacify both Federalists (who used the color red) and Unitarists (who used the color white), President Sarmiento during his term from 1868 to 1874 painted the presidential building pink to try to appease both sides. Another theory states that the color comes from using cow blood to paint it which was common for people to do in the 19th century. Free tours are given at the Casa Rosada that last 30 minutes. Address: Balcarce 50, 1064 Buenos Aires Website: http://www.presidencia.gob.ar/la-casa-rosada/historia Email: email@example.com Phone number: +54 11 4344-3600 Opening hours: May to November- 10:00-18:00, December to April 11:00-19:00.
La Recoleta Cemetery is a cemetery found in the Buenos Aires neighborhood of La Recoleta. The Cemetery houses the remains of various important people in Argentine history. Some of the people buried in the cemetery include Nobel Prize winners from Argentina, previous presidents of the country, Eva Perón (wife of the President Juan Perón), as well as Napoleon’s granddaughter. It is considered to be one of the top ten most beautiful cemeteries in the world according to a study by CNN. The cemetery was built around the monastery of monks belonging to the Order of the Recoletos . When the monastery and the order were disbanded in 1822, the garden that had belonged to the monks was made into the first public cemetery in the city. The cemetery occupies a space of 5.5 hectares (14 acres). There are 4,691 vaults in the cemetery and all of them sit above ground. The mausoleums throughout the cemetery are examples of various architectural styles throughout the years including Baroque, Neo-Gothic, Art Nouveau and Art Deco. The cemetery is organized in blocks and has large walkways leading through the grounds. Majority of the mausoleums are preserved and in fair to good condition. However some of them lie in disrepair and ruin. Address: Azcuénaga, Buenos Aires Phone number: +54 11 4803-1594
The Plaza de Mayo is the principal square in Buenos Aires. It first became popular and important in the year 1810 which is when it was the location of the revolution on May 25, 1810 that eventually led to Argentina’s independence from Spain. Since that time, it has been an important site for politics in the city. The first plaza in the area was established in 1580 by the city’s founder, Juan de Garay, but the plaza that visitors can see today was started in 1884. The Casa Rosada presidential office stands on the Plaza de Mayo today as well as the main cathedral in Buenos Aires. Also on the square stands the Banco de la Nación, a large bank that was built in 1939. In the center of the square stands the Pirámide de Mayo which is an obelisk to commemorate the first anniversary of independence from Spain. During Argentina’s dictatorship in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the plaza became the site for the marches of the Madres de la Plaza de Mayo who were mothers looking for their abducted children and protesting against the oppression of the dictatorship. Today they continue to march every Thursday at 15:30, some for their still missing children and others for social justice reasons.
The Teatro Colón is an opera house in Buenos Aires located in the heart of the city. According to National Geographic, it is the third best opera house in the entire world due to both its construction and the quality of the acoustics. The first theater stood on the site in 1857 and the current Teatro Colón was completed in 1908. The first theater was built to satisfy the need for a permanent theater for different opera touring companies that were traveling the area in the 1850s. The first venue had 2,500 seats and a special section reserved for women only. The current Teatro Colón has 2,487 seats and standing room for an additional 1,000 people. It was recently renovated from 2006 to 2010. The acoustics are considered to be some of the best in the world. The interior is decorated with frescoes from 1966 and the colors on the inside are gold and scarlet. Tickets and information on performances, both opera and ballet, can be found on the Teatro Colón website. The theater also offers guided tours of approximately 50 minutes every day. Address: Tucumán 1171 (Pasaje de Carruajes) Website: http://www.teatrocolon.org.ar/en/ Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone number: +5411 4378 7127 Opening hours: Monday-Sunday 9:00-17:00. Schedule subject to change based on performances. Entrance fees: General Admission ARS $150
The Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires, or MALBA for short, is the Latin American Art Museum of Buenos Aires and is an art museum in the city. The museum was founded by Eduardo Costantini, a businessman from Argentina, and it is a non-profit organization. The museum started around the collection of Costantini and has expanded over the years since its opening in 2001. The museum has collected more works from all over the region of Latin American from various modern artists. The focus of MALBA is on Latin American art from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day. The museum’s permanent collection includes 140 works of paintings, sculptures, and drawings. Some of the artists on display include Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, Tarsila do Amaral, Xul Solar and many others. There are also many temporary exhibits that change over time. The MALBA seeks to collect, research, preserve and promote Latin American art. A cultural center at the museum also hosts various cultural activities and serves to promote the arts. Address: Av. Figueroa Alcorta 3415, C1425CLA Buenos Aires Website: http://www.malba.org.ar/en/ Phone number: +54 11 4808 6500 Opening hours: Thursday-Monday and holidays: 12:00-20:00, Closed on Tuesdays, Wednesdays 12:00-21:00. Last entrance 30 minutes before closing. Entrance fees: General admission ARS $50, Wednesdays general admission ARS $25; Cinema entrance ARS $35
La Boca is a unique and colorful neighborhood in the city of Buenos Aires. Majority of the people who settled in this neighborhood were from the city of Genoa in Italy and therefore the neighborhood has a very distinct European feel. At one point in the city’s history, in 1882, the neighborhood rebelled against the country and raised their own flag of Genoa as they seceded. However, the rebellion was extremely short-lived before it was suppressed and La Boca was made part of the city again. Some of the neighborhood’s attractions include the brightly colored houses, the alley called Caminito which is a street museum and a popular place for tango dancing, the La Ribera Theater and other bars and tango clubs.
The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, or the National Museum of Fine Arts is located in the Recoleta neighborhood of Buenos Aires. The museum opened in 1895 in a different location, was moved in 1909 and later moved again in 1933 to where it stands today. The building that the museum is housed in was originally built in 1870 and used as a pumping station. The museum contains works from all over the world dating from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. There are also many works done by Argentine artists in the 20th century. There are also temporary exhibits halls as well as an extensive library with roughly 150,000 volumes. Address: Av del Libertador 1473, Buenos Aires Website: http://www.mnba.gob.ar/ Email address: email@example.com Phone number: +54 11 5288-9900 Opening hours: Tuesday to Friday 12:30-20:30, Saturdays and Sundays 9:30-20:30, Closed on Mondays. Entrance fees: Free
The Palacio Barolo or Barolo Palace is an office building in the neighborhood of Monserrat in Buenos Aires. At the time of its construction in 1923, it was the tallest building both in the city and in all of South America. It was designed by the Italian architect Mario Palanti for the businessman Luis Barolo who had been an Italian immigrant to Argentina and who had gone on to make a fortune in the knitted fabrics business. It was designed according to Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy with the basement and ground floor being hell, floors 1-14 representing purgatory and floors 15-22 symbolizing heaven. The light at the top of the building can be seen as far away as Montevideo, Uruguay. In 1977 it was declared a national historic monument and today it houses a Spanish school, a tango clothes stores, travel agencies as well as accountant and lawyer offices.
The Cabildo de Buenos Aires used to be the seat of the town government during colonial times. It was also the offices of the government of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata, which was the ruling organization that ruled on behalf of Spain in the area. The building stands on the Plaza de Mayo and was originally built in 1610. Many expansions and renovations have since then been done to the building. Today it houses a museum, the National Museum of the Cabildo and the May Revolution. Artifacts in the museum include clothes, paintings, objects and jewelry of the 18th century. Address: Bolívar 65, 1066 Buenos Aires Website: http://www.cabildonacional.gob.ar/ Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone number: +54 11 4342-6729 Opening hours: Wednesday- Friday 10:30-17:00, Saturday, Sundays and holidays 11:30-18:00, Closed on Mondays and Tuesdays
Vacation rentals in Buenos aires (Buenos Aires)
How to get there ?
The city of Buenos Aires has two airports, the Aeroparque Jorge Newberry, which serves mostly domestic and regional flights, and the Ministro Pistarini International Airport or Ezeiza which is the international airport in the city. There are direct flight connections with many destinations in the world including other cities in South America, North American, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Spain, Italy, South Africa and Japan. Information on airports throughout the country can be found on the page of Aeropuertos Argentina 2000 (www.aa2000.com.ar). Argentina’s national airline, Aerolíneas Argentinas (www.aerolineas.com), offers flights to many international destinations. It is also possible to get into Argentina by bus from the following countries: Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil. Travelers should have the appropriate visas for the different countries before boarding the bus. For traveling within Argentina, bus is the best option due to the extensive network that covers most of the country. Buses are both fast and quite comfortable. There are many different companies serving all over the country. Some of the bigger companies that have more options for long-haul rides are Andesmar (www.andesmar.com) and Chevallier (www.nuevachevallier.com). Fares for buses depend on the season, the bus company and the class of the seat. Renting a car is a good way to see the country due to its large size. Travelers that are planning on visiting the Patagonia region may find it convenient to have their own car as there are fewer bus routes in the region. The cheapest car rentals are local companies as opposed to the big international groups. Trains are a convenient way to get around Buenos Aires and its suburbs. Trains are usually cheaper than buses but are slower and have fewer options for routes and departure times. Another efficient way of exploring the city of Buenos Aires is by subway, called the Subte, which is a quick way of getting around the city.
Hotels in Buenos aires (Buenos Aires)