Presentation of the destination
Corrientes is a city and the capital of the province of Corrientes in Argentina. The city has a population of 328,689 people and lies along the Paraná River. Corrientes is the cultural and economic center of its province and also is home to one of the biggest carnival celebrations found in all of Argentina. The town offers visitors a mix of colonial as well as modern architecture. The area where Corrientes lies today was first populated by Guaraní people and the Spanish established their first settlement in the area in 1588. The name Corrientes means “currents” which came from the wild currents along the river where the city lies. There are seven small peninsulas on the shore of the river at Corrientes which create a current pattern that is difficult to navigate and that is why the city has the name it does. Temperatures in Corrientes reach highs of 32-33°C (90-92°F) in the summer months of December-February. Lows in winter drop to 10-11°C (51-53°F). Argentina is considered to be a country of immigrants and many people that live in the country are descendants of European immigrants from a variety of countries. The official language of Argentina is Spanish. The currency used in the country is the peso. Corrientes is in the time zone UTC -3.
Points of interests / things to see
The Iberá Wetlands are a wetland and fresh water reservoir found in the province of Corrientes. The wetlands are comprised of a mix of bogs, swamps, lagoons, and stagnant lakes. The Iberá Wetlands are an extremely important fresh water reservoir for the multiple places on the continent. The wetlands at Iberá are also the second biggest wetlands in the world with an area of approximately 15,000-20,000 square km (5,800-7,700 square mi). The biggest wetland in the world is found at Pantanal in Brazil. Today only part of the wetland is preserved as part of the Iberá Provincial Reserve. There are plans in the works to upgrade the status of the area to a national park. The wetlands area has a number of permanent lagoons but the rest of the topography changes frequently, alternating between bogs and watery surfaces and dry lands. In general the lagoons are very shallow but during flooding their depth can increase to 3 m (9.8 ft) deep. There is a large amount of vegetation in the area as well, sometimes forming a barrier so dense that it can be walked on. Some of the different animal species that live in the park include the Neotropical river otter, the maned wolf, the pampas deer, capybaras as well as the marsh deer. There are two different species of alligators in the park, caimans and roughly 350 different bird species. The village that has the best access to the wetlands is Colonia Carlos Pellegrini.
The Mburucuyá National Park is a park found in the province of Corrientes and it lies at a distance of about 150 km (93 mi) from the city of Corrientes. The Mburucuyá National Park is national park that occupies 176 square km (68 square mi) of the Iberá Wetlands. The area is most important for being a water source and helps to regulate floods and draughts in the area. It also has an effect on the regional microclimate. The park was created after World War II to preserve the environment as well as the history of the region. The area of the park has been inhabited for over 5,000 years by different indigenous groups, the most recent group before the arrival of the Spanish were the Guaraní who grew squash, beans, Cassava, maize, cotton and yerba mate in the area. After the colonization by the Spanish, the Spaniards’ large scale agricultural practices caused the deforestation of the area. The park is divided into three different regions based on the environment found in them. One region is the Chaco Oriental which is made up of palms, grass plains, woodlands and wetlands. Another region is the Selva Paranaense which has a number of local native species of plants and trees and is characterized by a number of small hills. The third region is called El Espinal and has a number of diverse woodlands. An estimated 150 species live in the park and different animal species also include foxes, jaguars, armadillos, capybaras, caimans and brown howler monkeys in addition to many others.
The Yacyretá Dam, also known as the Hydroelectric Power Station Jasyretâ-Apipé which means “land of the moon” in Guaraní, is a dam and hydroelectric power plant on the Paraná River. It is in the Argentine province of Corrientes on one side of the river and on the other side lies in the city of Ayolas, Paraguay. The hydroelectric power station provides energy to both Argentina and Paraguay. The dam itself is 808 m (2,650 ft) long and it was named after an island by the name of Yacyretá that as a consequence of the construction of the dam became partially submerged. When it was built (from 1983 to 1994), it generated a lot of criticism because of the effects it would have on the land in the area and the flooding it caused that led to the extinction of a number of species in the area. It also ended up costing much more than originally predicted, for a grand total of more than $11 billion. The lake that formed as a result of the construction of the dam also caused the displacement of an estimated 40,000 people. Today the dam is also a site of tourism as there is a large amount of fauna in the area, especially fish. Fishing is a big activity and is regulated through the regional Office of Fishing where those wishing to fish can get a permit. On the Paraguayan side of the dam there is also the Yacyreta Regional Museum which showcases specimens of native fauna from the area. In Paraguay there is also the Animal Refuge of Atinguy which is found 18 km (11 mi) from Ayolas that exhibits a large amount of regional native flora and fauna.
Misiones Province is another province located in Argentina, the second smallest one in the country. The province of Corrientes lies to the southwest of the Misiones Province. The Misiones province, though small, is quite famous for its history. It was an area of missionary activity for the Jesuits starting in the beginning of the 17th century. At that time it was called the Province of Paraguay and became a focal point for Roman Catholic missionaries. As of 1984, four of the mission sites ruins have been labeled UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Before the arrival of the Spanish and the missionaries, the area was heavily populated by a number of different indigenous peoples including the Kaingang, Xokleng and the Guarani. The area was first reached by Spaniards in the 16th century and staring about 100 years later, the Jesuits started to arrive and formed their Jesuit Reductions, which were settlements that were created to relocate the indigenous populations so that the Spanish Empire could more easily Christianize them and govern and rule over them. The most famous one was San Ignacio, but about 30 different mission villages were established and used to teach the indigenous people Western methods for agriculture and how to make Western-style crafts which were later sold and helped the Reductions to prosper. In 1865 the War of the Triple Alliance was fought which was an alliance of Brazil and Argentina against Paraguay over the Misiones region. Paraguay lost and had to concede the Misiones region to Argentina.
Resistencia is a city in the Chaco Province of Argentina that lies directly across the Paraná River from Corrientes. Resistencia has a population of about 274,490 people. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area of modern-day Resistencia was inhabited by Guaycuru indigenous peoples. For many years the indigenous population showed strong resistance to the Europeans which effectively delayed European settlement in the area for many years and the first European settlement was not established until 1865, about 300 years after the Spanish first arrived. Resistencia saw a number of immigrants from Italy over the years which has influenced the city. Resistencia also is one of the warmest cities found in Argentina and has hot and humid summers. The city has the nickname of “city of sculptures” or “open air museum” because of the large amount of art, sculptures and monuments that line its streets, more than 500 pieces. The city is home to the Biennial International Sculptures Contest and after the contest the sculptures stay in the city and are put on public display along the sidewalks or throughout the city parks. Today the sculpture event is sponsored by UNESCO. There are also many different museums in the city covering topics from the fine arts, cultural dispplays, and anthropology to natural history. Resistencia is connected to Corrientes by the General Belgrano Bridge.
The Costanera de Corrientes is a scenic walking area in the city of Corrientes. It is along the shores of the Paraná River and visitors can see a number of fishermen working in the river as well as a number of barges going up and down the river as they travel between Buenos Aires and Asunción, Paraguay. There are a number of gardens along the walkway and from the Costanera, visitors can witness beautiful sunsets in the evenings. There are a number of food stands and restaurants along the Costanera as well. It is also a good place to enjoy a mate, a traditional Argentine tea, or coffee and just relax and enjoy the views.
The Paseos Nauticos Pedro Canoero is a company offering boat rides on the Paraná River that allow visitors the chance to enjoy the city of Corrientes from the water. The boat ride takes participants up and down the river offering them the opportunity to see things from a different perspective and the chance to see a number of beautiful landscapes as well as canoes, fishermen at work, beaches, greenery, the city and the Paraná River up close. The people in charge of the boat rides are very friendly and attentive. The boat can hold 12 people and there are different options for the duration of the tour. Address: Gobernador Evaristo Lopez 42
The Museo Histórico de Vias Navegables or the Historical Museum of Navigable Waterways is a private museum found in Corrientes. The museum includes a number of pieces related to water navigation. Many of the pieces are historical showing the history of the port in Corrientes as well as the history of various ports throughout Argentina. The museum aims to educate younger generations of all the sweat and hard work put in by previous generations along the river to make Corrientes a successful city. The displays at the museum include photographs, replicas of different boats used along the river, a collection of a number of different objects used to facilitate navigation and many other artifacts related to navigation of the Paraná River. Address: Av. Gral. San Martin y Catamarca Entrance fees: Free
Ayolas is a city in Paraguay located across the Yacyretá Dam from the province of Corrientes. The primary activity in the town is fishing and other economic activities in the area include cattle breeding and commerce. The population is about 67,487 people. While the Yacyretá Dam was being constructed, the workers housing was in Ayolas. Many people visit Ayolas for fishing and two common species to catch in the area are the bog and dorado species among many others. There are also beaches in the area, the two most popular being Coratei and San José-mi. There is also an archaeology museum in the town as well as Jesuit church.
Vacation rentals in Corrientes (Corrientes Province)
How to get there ?
The main gateway into the country of Argentina is through its capital, Buenos Aires. The city of Buenos Aires has two airports, the Aeroparque Jorge Newberry, which serves mostly domestic and regional flights, and the Ministro Pistarini International Airport or Ezeiza which is the international airport in the city. There are direct flight connections with many destinations in the world including other cities in South America, North American, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Spain, Italy, South Africa and Japan. There is a domestic airport in Corrientes, the Doctor Fernando Piragine Niveyro Airport that has domestic flights throughout the country. There is also a domestic airport in Resistencia, across the Paraná River from Corrientes. Information on airports throughout the country can be found on the page of Aeropuertos Argentina 2000 (www.aa2000.com.ar). Argentina’s national airline, Aerolíneas Argentinas (www.aerolineas.com), offers flights to many international destinations. It is also possible to get into Argentina by bus from the following countries: Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil. Travelers should have the appropriate visas for the different countries before boarding the bus. For traveling within Argentina, bus is the best option due to the extensive network that covers most of the country. Buses are both fast and quite comfortable. There are many different companies serving all over the country. Some of the bigger companies that have more options for long-haul rides are Andesmar (www.andesmar.com) and Chevallier (www.nuevachevallier.com). Fares for buses depend on the season, the bus company and the class of the seat. The bus station in Formosa is located at the corner of Gutñiski & Antártida Argentina. Renting a car is a good way to see the country due to its large size. Travelers that are planning on visiting the Patagonia region may find it convenient to have their own car as there are fewer bus routes in the region. The cheapest car rentals are local companies as opposed to the big international groups. Corrientes lies along the highway National Route 12.
Hotels in Corrientes (Corrientes Province)