Presentation of the destination
Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has more than 700,000 inhabitants. A river runs through it, the Miljacka, which has its source in the city of Pale. Founded by the Ottoman Empire in 1461, it was subsequently a territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is known to have been the scene of the assassination of the French Archduke Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, an event that unleashed the First World War. Sarajevo is the economic center of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is home to tourism and industry. It produces beverages, textiles, automobiles, pharmacological products, alcohol and cigarettes. Most Bosnian companies have their headquarters in Sarajevo, including nineteen banks. Formerly attached to Tito's Yugoslavia, Sarajevo is still composed of different populations: Bosnians, Serbs and Croats live there. At the crossroads of the great monotheistic religions, the city is full of mosques, synagogues as well as catholic and orthodox churches.
Points of interests / things to see
Sarajevo is right in the center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the heart of the Dinaric Alps. It is surrounded by forested hills and four points higher than 1000 meters of altitude: the Treskavica (2088 meters), the Bjelasnica (2067 meters), the Jahorina (1913 meters) and Mount Trebevic (1627 meters). The source of the river Bosna, not far from Sarajevo, attracts many locals and tourists. The climate of Sarajevo is influenced by Central Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. It is continental-moderated: the winters are cold and the summers are hot. Four municipalities make up the city of Sarajevo: Novi Grad, Novo Sarajevo, Centar Grad and Stari Grad. The old Turkish quarter of the 15th century, the city of the 19th century and contemporary industrial areas mark its urban landscape.
Remains dating back to the Neolithic were found in Ilidza, near Sarajevo, testifying to the particularly ancient occupation of the site of the city. Later, the Illyrians populated the region where they resided in the Roman Empire until they defeated Tiberius in the year 9 before Jesus Christ. The Romans founded the city of Aquae Sulphurae there. The Slavs settled there in the seventh century, under the yoke of the Byzantine Empire. The Ottomans took the area in 1429 and founded the city of Sarajevo in 1461. The city's governor, Saray, gave his name to Sarajevo. The Ottomans built mosques, steam baths and covered markets. The freedom of worship proper to the areas governed by the Ottoman Empire favored the installation of Catholic and Orthodox Christians as well as Sephardic Jews. The city then expanded and had many schools and a city supply system. In 1660, Sarajevo was the second largest city of the Ottoman Empire, behind Istanbul. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire at the gates of Vienna, the city was burned in 1697.
The Congress of Berlin formalized the defeat of the Ottoman Empire against the Russians in 1878 and Bosnia was granted to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city is then industrialized and westernized. Churches and places of power are then erected across Sarajevo. On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip, Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, thus triggering the First World War. After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in 1918, the city lies within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the country becomes Yugoslavia in 1929. After having been In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia experienced a brief period of independence between 1990 and 1992 when it was surrounded by Serbia. The siege of the city lasts three years and weakens it considerably. The central avenue then splits the city in two: anyone who tries to cross it is punished with death. In December 1995, the Dayton Accords mark the end of the war and electricity and gas can finally be restored. It was not until 2003 that the city was almost completely rebuilt. Numerous shrapnel impacts still punctuate its roads and several ruins are still in the city center.
Sarajevo has many museums that trace the cultural and historical heritage of the city. The historical archives of the city collect 14,000 valuable Ottoman documents. The Gazi-Husrev-beg Library was founded in 1537 and comprises 10,000 Arabic, Turkish and Persian manuscripts. The National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, created in 1888 is home to archaeological and ethnological documents and objects related to the natural sciences. The Haggadah of Sarajevo, written in 1350 and decorated with sumptuous illuminations, is one of its many treasures. The Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina exhibits numerous documents testifying to the siege of Sarajevo. Finally, the city has a museum of contemporary art, the museum Ars Aevi.
The district Bascarsika testifies in Sarajevo of the Ottoman period of the city. Organized around a fountain, it includes many religious buildings as well as small shops. It was built mainly in the 16th century and has large Turkish residences, konaks, covered markets and caravansalways. Bascarsika mosque was erected e in 1528. It once had a wooden dome disappeared during a fire. The current dome dates back to the post-war period of 1945. The stone minaret of the mosque stands at 35 meters. The mosque of Gazi Husrev-beg was erected in 1531. It is located in the heart of an architectural complex that includes the city's Clock Tower, a medesa (Muslim school) and ruins. of a khanqah (Moslem equivalent of the convent) The covered market of Bursa dates from 1551. It was built by one of the great viziers of Suleiman the Magnificent. They sold and bought mostly silk. A fountain typical of Ottoman architecture is still visible in Sarajevo, the Sebilj. Finally, the Turkish palace of Bistrik, more often called the "Konak", was erected in 1869 and today is the residence of the guests of the Bosnian President.
While Sarajevo is full of Ottoman architectural treasures, the city's landscape is also marked by the Austro-Hungarian presence. Josip Vancas created three Catholic churches. He designed the cathedral of the Heart of Jesus, the church of the Franciscan monastery of Sarajevo in the Gothic Revival style and the Church of the Holy Trinity in style. nÃ © o-novel. These places of worship were erected between 1883 and 1914. The architect was also the creator of the neo-Renaissance building of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina where today lives the Prê ©. Karlo Parzik was the second instigator of the new face of the city. He designed the National Theater, the neo-Byzantine church and the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a neoclassical building. He was finally the designer of the First New-Renaissance High School and the Nemo- Moorish Synagogue of Sarajevo. The traditional Turkish buildings have thus added many cultural, religious and political places, whose architectural styles were inspired by the various occupants of the city of Sarajevo through various periods of time. But the Austrians also built many sumptuous private mansions, with Art Nouveau or New-Ottoman facades. The house of Paul Oreskovic and the house Despic are emblematic of these new buildings.
Sarajevo hosted the 1994 Winter Olympic Games and has modern winter sports facilities. The resort of Jahonira, close to the city, is a must-see ski destination. Snowy 175 days a year, from October to May, it rises to 1916 meters above sea level. It has downhill ski runs as well as slower slopes for beginners in Rajska Dolina. The slopes are in accordance with the Olympic criteria and offer ideal conditions. Only 25 kilometers from Sarajevo, the resort can accommodate up to 75,000 skiers. In the summer, the vegetation is green and makes it an ideal place for hiking.
Near Sarajevo is the Bijambare grotto, which is reached after a two-kilometer forest road. The speleologists will set off to discover its three caves where numerous stalactites and stalagmites stand. In the vicinity of the cave, a lake flanked by a windmill is at the edge of the forest clearing of Bijambare. The pines and transparent waters of the region will delight fans of the outdoors. The very city of Sarajevo also benefits from a haven of peace and greenery: the Botanical Garden of the National Museum of the city. More than 2,000 plants grow there: Japanese cherry trees, SÃ © livas and gingkos are some of the most beautiful species in the garden.
The Sarajevo Film Festival was established in 1995. It broadcasts international commercial and independent films. It strongly promotes young producers in Central and Eastern Europe. They can get in touch with many critics and producers from all over the world. The film Welcome to Sarajevo, directed by the British Michael Winterbottom, showcased the film. historical event that is the seat of the city. The Markale massacres are particularly realistic, contributing to the memory of the tragedy of the Serbo-Bosnian conflict. Finally, the controversial director Emir Kusturica was born in Sarajevo. He received the Golden Palm in Cannes for Underground, a cinematographic film dealing with the complexities of Yugoslav identity.
Vacation rentals in Sarajevo (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
How to get there ?
Sarajevo airport serves the city. Bus number 36 connects the airport to Nedzarici every 30 minutes where you can take a tram to the city center. The bus commutes between 6 am and 11 pm on weekdays, from 2 pm to 6 pm on Saturdays and from 8 am to 3 pm on Sundays. Bus number 37 connects the airport to Ilidza where a tram goes to Sarajevo. A railway line runs daily between Sarajevo and Budapest. The journey is not direct and lasts about 9 hours. It is advisable to bring food to the extent that there is no diner. Two trains connect Sarajevo to Zagreb every day. By car, it is easy to come to Sarajevo from Zagreb, Belgrade and the Adriatic Sea. The speed limits are however low because of the mountainous topography. Most roads have only one lane and they are punctuated by numerous tunnels: it is therefore advisable to be careful. Two bus stations connect Sarajevo to several international destinations. The former is the liaison with Croatia, while the second connects Bosnia with Serbia and Montenegro. A dense tram network makes it possible to move to different parts of the city. It is advisable to avoid taxis because they considerably increase the rates for tourists.