Presentation of the destination
Located on Bulgaria’s beautiful Danubian Plain, Pleven is primarily known around the world for its importance as the site of the Siege of Plevna, a major battle that took place during the Russo-Turkish War of the late 1800s. The lands were also once inhabited by the Thracian tribes, and were later added to the expansive Roman Empire. With a population just over 100,000 people, Pleven is the seventh most populous city in Bulgaria. It is also a major economic center of northwestern Bulgaria. It is just 170 km (106 mi) from Bulgaria’s capital Sofia, 320 km (199 mi) from the country's Black Sea coast, and 50 km (31 mi) south of Danube river. Pleven has a temperate continental climate. The winters are very cold, often with lots of snow, and temperatures sometimes as low as -20°C (-4°F), while summers are hot, with highs up to 40°C (104°F). The currency used in Bulgaria is the Bulgarian lev (BGN).
Points of interests / things to see
One of the largest museums in Bulgaria, the Pleven Regional Historical Museum is a national cultural monument that was founded in 1953. The permanent exhibitions in the museum contain over 5,000 items in 24 halls. These feature exhibits on several subjects, including ethnography, archaeology, the Bulgarian National Revival, the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria, modern history, and nature. The ethnography collection features artifacts that include traditional crafts, jewelry, and clothing from the 19th and 20th century. In the archaeology collection, you can look at ancient flint tools. Children and adults alike will be fascinated by the petrified thigh bone of an Archidiscodon, a prehistoric elephant-like animal from the Pliocene, thousands of years ago. The museum is also a must-see for coin collectors, as it has one of the best coin collections in Bulgaria, with over 25,000 coins. In addition, visitors can learn about the flora and fauna of Pleven and its geological history, among other things, on one of the guided tours available. Address: 3 Stoyan Zaimov Str.Website: http://www.plevenmuseum.dir.bg/Hours: Winter (1 Nov - 31 Mar) Mon through Sat, 9h00 to 12h00, 12h30 to 17h30, Summer (1 Apr - 31 Oct) Mon through Sat, 9h30 to 12h00, 12h30 to 18h00Prices: Adults BGN 2.00, Students, seniors, and disabled BGN 1.00, Free admission Mondays
If you’ve come to Pleven to relax and get away from busy cities, then Kaylaka Park is a wonderful place for a visit. Located 6 km south of the city, this 10 km² park founded in 1946 is beloved by Pleven residents and guests alike. It is a place full of opportunities for relaxation, fun, exercise, and exploration that should keep everyone happy. Rock climbing enthusiasts can take advantage of the over 20 m high vertical cliffs that are suitable for climbing, while nature lovers can take in the park’s flora and fauna, as well as its zoo. The site also has a swimming pool to escape the summer heat, a playground for the kids, tennis courts, and a lake with both boats and paddle boats. When you get hungry, there are plenty of places to grab a snack, including several cafes and restaurants. For budding archaeologists, the ruins of the Roman fortress of Storgosia located in the park are a must. Originally an Ancient Roman road station, it later became a fortress which was used until the end of the 6th century, when it was mostly destroyed and its stones were used to build a wall around Turkish barracks in Pleven. Recent excavations have also uncovered the ruins of defensive towers, residential buildings, and a 4th century basilica.
Pleven Panorama, also known as Pleven Epopee 1877, is a panorama that depicts the events of the five month Siege of Plevna during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, which gained the city worldwide notoriety and contributed to the liberation of Bulgaria from five centuries of Ottoman rule. The panorama is located in Skobelev Park, on the actual battlefield where the siege took place, now known as “death valley”. Other sites in the park include an ossuary containing the bones of fallen soldiers, as well as old cannons around the park. The panorama was constructed for the 100th anniversary of the siege in 1977, and was created as a monument in tribute to the battle and the nearly 35,000 lives lost. It was painted on a 115x15 m canvas with a 12 m foreground, and was painted by 13 Bulgarian and Russian artists. The panorama is designed to immerse you in the feeling of being in the middle of the battlefield, surrounded by canvases with depictions of soldiers, smoking shells, doctors, and burning fires all around you. Guided tours are available in multiple languages, with prices varying depending on language.Location: 157 Vasil Levski Str.Website: http://www.panorama-pleven.com/Hours: Open daily, year-round 9h00 to 12h00 and 12h30 to 18h00Prices: Adults BGN 5.00, Students BGN 1.50, Seniors and disabled BGN 2.00
The Chernelka Nature Reserve is a favorite locale for nature lovers in Pleven. Located just 12 km from Pleven, between the villages of Kartozhabene and Gortalovo, this nature reserve contains a stunning natural canyon. Measuring 60 to 200 m wide and 10 to 30 m high, the canyon was carved out by the Chernelka River. An ecological path designed by the city of Pleven to encourage both citizens and visitors to enjoy the vast beauty of the natural area includes over 18 bridges that can be used to cross the river. Take in the unique flora and fauna, and marvel at the unique rock formations that caused the area to be declared a natural landmark in 1969. The reserve is a diverse habitat that is home to over 200 bird species, 9 fish species, 5 amphibian species, and 11 reptile species. For those who can’t get enough of the views and peacefulness, there are many nearby places for accommodation, as well as restaurants that will give you the chance to taste some typical Bulgarian cuisine. While you’re in the area, you can also view a medieval fortress, see an early-Christian monastery, and view cave formations and natural springs, not to mention prehistoric drawings of humans, animals, and geometric shapes from the Bronze Age.
This permanent art gallery is home to over 400 works of art donated by famous Bulgarian artist and art collector Svetlin Rusev. It is located inside a three-story historic building built in the early 1900s with a combination of Neo-Byzantine, Neo-Moorish, and Ottoman architectural design elements. The building was first constructed and used as the city’s public baths through 1970, but was converted into an exhibition space in 1984. Those who visit the museum will have the chance to explore a diverse assortment of interesting art pieces. The first level contains artwork from early 20th century Bulgarian artists such as Kiril Petrov and Tsanko Lavrenov. The second level is primarily dedicated to contemporary Bulgarian paintings from artists such as Nikola Manev and Vesa Vasileva, but is also home to the exhibition’s oldest painting, a 17th century painting by an unknown French artist. In the building’s towers on the third level, there is a collection of Bulgarian engraving pieces, as well as the works of several famous Western European artists, including Picasso, Goya, Chagall, Renoir, and Dalí, to name a few. The space also houses a few sculptures by Rodin and Degas.Address: 75 Doiran StrHours: Tues through Sat, 10h00 to 18h00 Free admission
Those who love to drink wine and learn about it will be infatuated with this one-of-a-kind museum. Located inside a cave in beautiful Kaylaka Park, this wine museum has a collection of over 6,000 bottles of wine from all of Bulgaria’s many regions. The collection also contains wines aged 30 to 90 years. Visitors are invited to explore the history hall full of artifacts related to wine culture, both recent and ancient. In addition, it is possible to taste some of the wines, and even buy a bottle or two to bring home. Location: Kaylaka ParkWebsite: http://www.winemuseum-bg.com/index-en.htmlHours: Tues through Fri 11h30 to 18h30, Sat and Sun 12h00 to 18h00
St. George the Conqueror Chapel Mausoleum is a Bulgarian Orthodox chapel that was constructed in 1907 in Neo-Byzantine style. It was built to honor the victims of the Siege of Plevna. In fact, the bones of many Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Finnish, Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Moldavian soldiers who died protecting Pleven in the siege are kept in the chapel’s mausoleum. The chapel is a major landmark in Pleven, and is located on the city’s main square. The chapel is named after St. George, the patron saint of soldiers, and its icons were painted by famous Bulgarian artists.Hours: Tues through Sat, 9h00 to 12h00, 13h00 to 20h00
This house was converted into a museum due to its historical importance. On December 11, 1877, the day after the liberation of Pleven during the Russo-Turkish War, Russian Emperor Alexander II was given a ceremonial welcome at the site and presented with a captured Turkish marshal. Soon after, the house was used as the home of Pleven’s first military governor, General Skobelev. The museum was founded in the early 1900s, and is surrounded by gorgeous gardens, as well as Russian cannons and busts of prominent army members.Address: 157 V. Levski Str.Hours: Winter (1 Oct - 30 Apr) Mon through Fri, 9h00 to 12h00, 12h30 to 17h00, Summer (1 May - 30 Sept) 9h00 to 12h00, 13h00 to 18h00Prices: Adults BGN 2.00, Students BGN 1.00, Disabled free admission, Guided tours BGN 4.00
St. Nicholas Church is an Eastern Orthodox church created in the architectural style of the revival period, with wood carvings inside from the 1840s. In the 13th century, a chapel was constructed on the site by merchants who often traveled through the area, but it was eventually burned down. The residents of Pleven requested a new church be built, and it was founded in 1834. Take some time to explore this historic church, which was considered to be a center for struggles of religious and national independence in the past, and was for many years used as a shelter for revolutionaries and activists.
Vacation rentals in Pleven (Pleven Province)
How to get there ?
How to get thereBy plane: The nearest international airport to Pleven is Sofia Airport (SOF). By train: There is an international railway line that provides service from Sofia, Bulgaria all the way to Moscow, Russia that stops in Pleven. A few trains travel between Sofia and Pleven each day, so you should have no trouble getting to the city. Taking the train also gives you the opportunity to see some beautiful sights, including a gorge.By bus: Buses from Sofia depart for Pleven almost every hour until 18h00 each day. Tickets usually don’t need to be purchased in advanced unless it is a major holiday, and cost approximately BGN 10.00-15.00. By car: Pleven is also easily accessible by international road E 83 which passes just north of the city. Getting aroundPleven is a very easy city to get around on foot, and features a long pedestrian street. If you’d rather take public transportation, Pleven has an extensive trolleybus system. There are 14 bus lines, and the vast majority of the city is accessible via the trolleybuses, which generally cost less than BGN 1.00. The city also has many taxi stands in the city center and near bus stops. A taxi ride within the city usually costs less than BGN 4.00.
Hotels in Pleven (Pleven Province)