Presentation of the destination
Plovdiv is located in the center of Bulgaria next to the Seven Hills and on the banks of the Maritsa River. With 341,041 inhabitants it is the second most populous city in the country after the capital, Sofia. Plovdiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe, its origins date back to the year 342 a.C. when it was conquered by Philip II of Macedonia. Plovdiv has numerous points of interest for tourists, the Roman remains are one of the main attractions of the city, together with some traditional Bulgarian mansions. The The climate in this region is humid subtropical, in which the four seasons can easily be distinguished. The summers are hot and very dry, while the winters are very cold and with frequent snowfall. Plovdiv is in the GMT + 2 time zone, and the currency of use is the lev.
Points of interests / things to see
The Roman amphitheater is one of the wonders of Plovdiv, the essential visit when passing through the city. Discovered in the year 1972, the theater dates from the 2nd century and was built under the command of Trajan. The amphitheater is situated between the Dzambaz and Taksim hills dominating a large part of the city. Despite the collapse suffered in the fourth century and the fact that it remained buried for centuries, it does not detract from the beauty of the whole. The amphitheater, made of marble, has been recovered and is currently used to make representations. The building has 14 steps with a capacity for 1,000 spectators, during the Roman era it had a capacity for 7,000, and a large space for the stage, with a semicircular external diameter of 82 meters. The facade of the stage is composed of a two-story portico in which the columns on the first floor are of the Roman Ionic style and the ones on the second floor are of the Roman Corinthian style. The inscriptions that designate the seats for the members of the government, the magistrates and the friends of the emperor are still preserved. The first rows of the theater have special protection, which makes think that the theater was destined to spectacles with animals.
Continuing with the Roman remains of the city, the next visit should be to the Roman circus, built in the second century under the command of Marco Aurelio. The circus is located in the lower part of the city, between the Sahat and Taksim hills and formed part of a complex made up of the circus, the spas and the treasure. The circus has a capacity for 30,000 spectators and 180 meters long and was intended to host the Alexandrine Games. Currently you can see some columns that belonged to the circus and also some of its terraces, but the rest of the building remained buried under Aleksandrovska Street and Dzhumayata Square when the expansion of the city took place. For this reason you can only access a side of the circus, it is possible to step on part of the track and some of the stands in which the spectators were located. Despite what little we have left of it , its beauty and characteristics are impressive. Even more if we imagine the construction in all its splendor. The circus was built in the image of Delphi, which makes it a special building since there are only 12 of its kind in the world.
To finish the Roman route through Plovdiv we must go to the forum, located in the southern part of the city, at the foot of the Three Hills. The enclosure is surrounded by an arcade of Corinthian columns that delimit a space of 100m x 112m. This complex is the largest Roman enclosure of this type known in the Thracian region. This forum was built in the first century, under the Emperor Vespasian, and in it there are still some buildings such as the library, the Odeon or the building where the coins were coined. This place was the economic and political center of the Roman city, with public buildings of non-religious character. Temples and buildings for the gods were found in other areas of the city. The main buildings were located in the north of the forum, while the east and the south were destined for the stores. The current Plovdiv Central Plaza is very close to the forum, with the tourist office and the post office, so the administrative and leisure center of the city continues to be located in the same place that was so many centuries ago.
The Regional Archaeological Museum was founded in 1882 and currently has more than 100,000 pieces in its collection distributed in 7 rooms that present the findings found in the region from prehistory to the Middle Ages. The oldest objects found in the museum are pieces of ceramics that belong to the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. You can also see some bronze tools and also prehistoric jewelery. The Greek collection, from the 5th and 4th centuries BC They are mainly composed of vessels found in gold and silver burials and jewels. At this time belong some of the most interesting objects in the sample: medical utensils that were found near some burials. From the Middle Ages, tools, ceramics, stone sculptures and jewels from the 11th and 13th centuries are presented. Finally, you can see some ecclesiastical objects and books of the Renaissance, as well as a collection of coins that present the history of the region from the 6th century BC to the 20th century. Address: Saedinenie Square 1, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Hours: May to October: MD 10: 00-18: 00; November-April: MS 9: 30-17: 00. Price: 5 lev. e-mail: RAM.Plovdiv@gmail.com Website: http: // www.archaeologicalmuseumplovdiv.org
The Dzhumaya mosque is part of the Ottoman Plovdiv, which with its arrival in the city in the 14th century built mosques and typical oriental buildings. This mosque is the best example of that time that is preserved today in Plovdiv, thanks to a magnificent restoration of the temple. The Dzhumaya mosque, built on the ancient cathedral of Plovdiv, is one of the oldest in the Balkans and also the largest of all the mosques that the city of Plovdiv had, although today in only two of them are preserved. The mosque has a rectangular shape and has a great Byzantine influence and also traditional Bulgarian art, characterized by presenting two layers of bricks after each stone on the exterior of the building. The mosque has nine domes covered with sheets of lead, and a minaret decorated with red bricks on a white background. Inside you can see a decoration composed of frescoes from the late eighteenth century and ornaments of flowers placed between the medallions that collect quotes from the Koran. Address: Dzhumaya square, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
The Bachkovo monastery is 29 kilometers from Plovdiv, at the foot of the Ródope mountains. The monastery was founded by the Bakouriani brothers, of Byzantine origin, in 1083. Subsequent extensions have turned the monastery into a grandiose place made up of several buildings. The first church we found when crossing the entrance is Sveta Bogoroditsa, decorated with frescoes inside, just opposite is the Sveti Nikola church inside which you can see a beautiful fresco that represents the final judgment. From Plovdiv there is than take highway 86, the journey takes approximately 35 minutes.
The Asenova fortress is located on top of a rocky mountain located on the banks of the Asenitsa River. The rocky mountains on which it stands are practically vertical cliffs on the river, which makes the place the perfect place to build a fortress. The Thracians were the first to build a defense here, in the fifth century BC. At the moment the rest of this strength and the later ones constructed by the Romans and the Byzantines are conserved. The medieval church of Santa María de Petrich is also preserved in the area, whose tower served as a bell tower and watchtower. To reach the fortress from Plovdiv, take Highway 86 and travel 22 kilometers.
The city of Pazardzhik is located on the road between Sofia and Plovdiv, the two main cities of Bulgaria, so it has always been a city with a lot of travelers and tourists. If you travel through the city, you should not miss a visit to the Church of the Most Holy Virgin, the symbol of Pazardzhik. The first constructions date back to the 17th century, although several remodels have been made afterwards. The main attraction of the church is the iconostasis built in walnut and with a size of 120 square meters. From Plovdiv you have to take highway 8 and travel 37 kilometers to reach Pazardzhik, the journey takes approximately 40 minutes .
At 78 kilometers from Plovdiv is the city of Haskovo, known for having the statue of the Virgin with the largest child in the world. This monument guards the city from the top of Mount Yamacha, has a height of 14 meters and a pedestal of another 17 meters, at the base you can access a small chapel. After visiting the symbol of the city, do not miss the Ivan Dimov Drama Theater, the Tomb of Aleksandrovo, the Historical Museum and the Church of the Assumption. From Plovdiv you have to take Highway 80 .
Vacation rentals in Plovdiv (Plovdiv Province)
How to get there ?
By plane: the city of Plovdiv has its own airport 12 kilometers away, so you can get there by flying directly to the city. Ryanair, Air Malta, BH Air, Bulgaria Air, Flightline, Monarch and Saratov Airlines, among others, operate in this airport. To travel from the airport to Plovdiv you can take one of the buses they communicate with the center right after each arrival. If you take a taxi, the price of the trip will be approximately 15 lev. By road: Roads 8, 86, E80 and 56 depart from Plovdiv and communicate it with the rest of the country. < br /> By train: the BDZ company is responsible for transport by train in Bulgaria. From Plovdiv you can travel to many destinations in the rest of the country. The journey to Sofia lasts 3 hours and the single ticket in second class costs 9 lev, first class 11,30 lev. BDZ: http://www.bdz.bg/ In the city: if transport is needed to get around Plovdiv, the best option is the bus or the taxi. Taxis are not expensive in Bulgaria, the average price for a trip within the city can be 3 lev (between 0.40 and 0.80 lev each kilometer)
Hotels in Plovdiv (Plovdiv Province)