Presentation of the destination
Santiago is the capital, the largest urban center and the most populous city of Chile in Latin America. It is inhabited by more than 5.1 million Santiaguinos. The architectural style of the city is predominantly neo-classical, with some art-deco and neo-Gothic influences. The landscape includes winding streets, hills and the Mapocho River and, in the background, the Andes Cordillera. For a few decades, Santiago has been experiencing steady economic growth, which has seen many theaters and restaurants, dozens of shopping centers and the largest skyscraper - Latin America, the Gran Torre Santiago. The city is the seat of many multinational corporations, as well as the judiciary and executive power. In addition, there are modern transport infrastructure, including South America's largest metro network, and several major universities, which make Santiago a modern, attractive cultural, political and financial center.
Points of interests / things to see
Its climate is Mediterranean: the summers are relatively hot and dry from November to March, with temperatures reaching 35 Â ° C and winters from June to August wetter and colder, up to less than 0 ° C. Rainfall averages 360 mm and is concentrated in winter. The population of Santiago is of origin of the near region and municipalities of the metropolis and only 2.11% are immigrants of the other countries of Latin America as of Argentina and Peru .
Santiago is located in the central valley, a broad bowl-shaped valley with extensive and fertile land. Santiago is dominated by the Andes Mountains to the east and the Cordillera de la Costa. To the north, the town is delimited by the Cordon de Chacabuco. There are several nearby volcanoes, such as Tupungatito, San Jose and Maipo. The agglomeration of Santiago has more than 7 million inhabitants. This a rich city (the third of Latin America). The city lies halfway along the country's 4300-kilometer length and is crossed by the Mapocho River.
Santiago was founded by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valivia on February 12, 1541, which gave him the name of Santiago de Nueva Extremadura. Its founder chooses this site thanks to its climate, its abundant vegetation and its defensive potential, necessary to fight the hostile Inca people of Manco Capac. The city is crisscrossed with 14.35-meter roads and 165-meter roads perpendicular to each other. The resistance of the Indians led to several conflicts, including a three-year war against the troops of Chief Picunche who put the conquistadors in a remote situation of the rest of the world. In spite of everything, the city quickly developed and the settlers built the first important buildings of the city including the cathedral in 1561 and the church of San Francisco in 1618, both of adobe brick and stone. In 1767 was built the bridge Calicanto with innovative architecture at the time. In 1770, the Italian architect Joaquin Toesca designed the facade of the cathedral as well as the presidential palace. The battle of Charabuco in 1817 against the Spanish royalists led to the independence of Chile. During the republican years were built the university and several other schools, museums and in 1851 the first system of telegraph connected Santiago to the Port of Valparaiso.
During the Liberal Republica, Santa Lucia Hill was remodeled and the Camino de Cintura ("Belt Road") was built. Alameda Avenue was turned into a major thoroughfare. In 1873, European landscapers conceived Parque O'Higgins with its large gardens and lakes. At the same time the municipal theater and the Equine Club made their appearance. In the 1930s Santiago gradually became a modern industrial city and many immigrants from northern and southern parts of the country settled there, increasing the population to nearly 2 million. 1960s. With the growth of the city, some neighborhoods were affected by poverty while the rural areas on the outskirts became urbanized. The 1973 coup and the establishment of a military regime did not bring major changes to the city, but the amended city plan in 1979 extended the urban area of Santiago At more than 62,000 hectares. A strong earthquake hit the city on March 3, 1985 left many homeless and destroyed many important buildings followed by a second earthquake on February 27, 2010 very destructive that caused hundreds of died in the country but enjoyed relatively Santiago.
Only a few historic buildings have been conserved from the Spanish colonial period because of regular earthquakes. One can discover Casa Colorado from 1769 and the San Francisco Church from 1586. The first is a colonial house with its clay tiles, windowed balconies and deep red walls. It currently hosts the museum of Santiago. The second is a Franciscan church on Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Avenue. It was consecrated in 1622. In 1647, its tower fell due to an earthquake and was rebuilt in the mid-nineteenth century in a Victorian style. The cathedral on the central square (Plaza de Armas) was built between 1784 and 1805. Stay in the square and discover the Central Post Office, completed in 1882 and the Palacio de la Real Audiencia, built between 1804 and 1807, where is now the National Museum of Natural History and its collection of 12 000 historical pieces. Further, in a neo-classical style, the Palacio de los Tribunales de Justicia de Santiago (courthouse) occupies the entire house on Compania Street between Bandera and Morande streets. It was built between 1905 and 1930.
The San Cristobal Hill is the largest park in Santiago, named after the San Cristobal family, who had a career in the south of the hill. It rises 300 meters above the city. It is used for scientific purposes with the installation of the Mills Observatory in 1903. At its summit stands a sanctuary dedicated to the Immaculate Conception composed of a statue of 22 meters of the Virgin Mary, an amphitheater and a chapel. At the foot of the hill is a garden in the Japanese style and the Metropolitan Park of Santiago which contains the National Zoo of Chile founded in 1925. There live more than a thousand animals of 158 animal species including typical Chilean species of animals and birds as well as protected species such as the Darwin's Frog, a rare species known for its unique reproductive method. The Santiago Metropolitan Park is located between four municipalities of the city: Huechuraba, Providencia, Recoleta and Vitacura and covers 722 hectares making it the largest park in Chile and one of the largest in the world. It has two open-air swimming pools, a funicular and a botanical garden.
The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes is one of the major centers of Chilean and South American art and the oldest of the continent founded in 1880. It is located in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, built in 1910 to commemorate the first centenary of the Independence of Chile by the French architect Emile Jecquier in a mix of neo-classical Second Empire, Baroque and Art Nouveau. You will find it in the Parque Forestal. The main entrance is through an enlarged and gigantic version of Borromi's false perspective which has a glass-framed pedimented door. The entrance is surmounted by a dome. The interior layout and the facade take as a model the small palace of Paris. The architectural plan consists of a central axis from the entrance and a large hall leading to a staircase to the first floor. Above the balcony of the first floor has been painted a relief representing two angels carrying a shield. Behind the museum is the Museum of Contemporary Art, created in 1947, specializing in modern and contemporary art, whose vocation is also to protect the city. cultural heritage of his collection of more than 2000 works.
Barrio Bellavista is located between the Mapocho River and San Cristobal Hill. This is the bohemian district of Santiago where you can find trendy restaurants and shops as well as avant-garde art galleries in lofts and lofty properties punctuating streets of ancient and colorful houses. It is the place of life of many intellectuals and artists of the city. The famous poet Pablo Neruda lives there. Bellavista is also known for its craftsmanship made of lapis lazuli (a blue rock). At night, the neighborhood vibrates to the sound of music from the many nightclubs and bars.
Santiago Central Station is a monument in itself. It was designed by the French architect Gustave Eiffel in 1897 and its metal structure was built by the French firm Scheider. It is the only railway station on the Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins opposite Matucana Avenue. A visit to the city would not be complete without discovering the Palacio de la Moneda, residence of the president of the Chilean Republic. Of neo-classical style with influences of the Doric order, it is part of the World Heritage of Humanity of UNESCO.
Vacation rentals in Santiago (Santiago Metropolitan Region)
How to get there ?
The bus network (the mics in Chilean) of Santiago is very dense. The San Borja terminal at the metro station Estacion Central serves all destinations in Chile and some cities around Santiago. The Alameda terminal taking metro to the Universidad de Santiago station also serves all Chilean destinations. The Pajaritos terminal, at the metro station Pajaritos, serves the airport, inter-regional links for Valparaiso, Vina del Mar and other coastal cities. The terminal La Cisterna, at the metro station La Cisterna serves cities around Santiago, Vina del Mar, Temuco and Puerto Montt. Finally, the La Paz terminal, two paces from the fruit house La Vega Central and close to the metro station Puente Cal y Canto, serves the rural areas north of Santiago. Many taxis roam the city, as well as five lines of metro (1, 2, 4, 4A and 5) for 100 kilometers in total. The city is the main center of the national train network. The Estacion Central railway station is accessible by bus and metro. The national company Empresa de Ferrocarriles del Estado (EFE) connects Santiago to several cities in the south of the country such as Rancagua, Talca, Linares, San Fernando and Chillan. Comodoro Arturo Merino Airport Benitez International, Santiago National and International Airport, is the air center of LAN Airlines and Sky Airline. It is 15 minutes from the center of the city.
Santiago city hall
Hotels in Santiago (Santiago Metropolitan Region)