Presentation of the destination
Chengdu is on the southwest of China and it is one of China's oldest city's. It was the capital of the Shu kingdom that was invaded by Qin in 316 BC. Chengdu is an important economic center and from the Qin and Han dynasty 221 BC to 220 AD, it developed the skill of silkworm breeding and the weaving of brocade. A beautiful city that is rich in culture, arts, historic monuments and natural beauty. Visitors will enjoy the tea houses near the tea gardens that have existed from ancient times.The best season to visit this city is during the spring and the autumn, when the weather is pleasant and cool. Summers can get very hot and humid in Chengdu and visiting the sights will be uncomfortable. January has temperatures of 5℃ and the Xiling Snow Mountain and Longchi Forest Parks are breathtaking during the winters.
Points of interests / things to see
The Wuhou Temple is located in the southwest on the outskirts of Chengdu, this beautiful temple was built in 223 AD in honor of Zhuge Liang, a legendary military strategist. A temple that has stood the test of time, it was destroyed, renovated and shifted many times over the centuries. This ancient temple was moved into the Hanzhaolie Temple.This temple faces the south and the Liubei hall is elegant and grand. It was constructed to reflect the richness of the emperor. There are many tablets placed on the pathway to the Hanzhaolie Temple, these tablets highlight the ways in which to build a temple and the maintenance required. Explore this magnificent temple and notice Sanjue tablet, this precious tablet that is on the east was written by the famous calligrapher Liu Gongcuo and the composition is by Chancellor Pi Du of the Tang Dynasty. In the Zhuge Liang hall, you will see many statues of this great leader and there are statues of his son and grandson beside him. The back wall of this temple has interesting stone inscriptions.Opening time: 7:30 - 21:00 (during summer), 8:00 - 18: 30 (during winter)Admission fee applicable Transport: Buses 1, 57, 82, 904 stop outside the Wuhou Temple
Sanxingdui is the ruins of the Bronze Age in the middle and the late Shang Dynasty, it is located at the southwest of Sichuan Basin. This site is over 5000 years old and it has been voted the ninth wonder of the world by historians.The Sanxingdui was discovered by a peasant in 1929 and later in 1986 they discovered two sacrificial pits. Archaeologists found treasures of ancient articles like jade cutlery, bronze cups, ivory artefacts, shells, gold jewelry, and earthen pots. Over time, they discovered more than 10,000 relics that can be dated between 5,000 and 3,000 BC at this site. Historians believe that this is the site for the ancient Shu people to offer sacrifice to the elements of nature like the mountains, rivers, earth and air. The inhabitants of this site suddenly disappeared. There are theories that a great flood wiped out this kingdom, but there is no proof, another theory is that they were killed after a war. A mystery as the origin of this ancient people is questionable. There are so many ivory artifacts, but elephants were rare in this region during those ancient time. The Shells are also a mystery as there is no sea nearby. Sanxingdui continues to baffle historians even today.
Dujiangyan Irrigation System is situated at the west side of Dujiangyan City in Sichuan, close to Chengdu. This magnificent engineering feat is the only water project that has been created without a dam irrigation system in the world today. This irrigation system is over 2,260 years old and it was constructed during the Qin Dynasty by Li Bing. It has played an important role in preventing flooding, while encouraging irrigation and improving shipping. Flooding was common along the banks of the Min River and people living along the banks were always affected by the annual floods. Li Bing was commissioned by the Emperor to build the Dujiangyan Irrigation System. This system was planned with three main constructions that were made to work simultaneously and help counteract the effects of flooding. The constructions were completed at Feishayan, Yu Zui and Baopingkou. Yu zui divided the Min river into the inner river and the outer river. The outer river helped in draining the flood waters and removing the silt and sediment that encouraged flooding. The inner river irrigated the farmlands. Feishayan connected the inner and the outer rivers. It used the natural swirling flow of the water to drain excess water. Baopingkou gouged through the mountain in the final section and irrigated the farmlands on the west.
The Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding is a breeding facility for giant pandas and other endangered animals. This non profit organization is located at Futou Hill that is about 10km from downtown Chengdu. This facility covers an area of 37,335 square meters and it has been creatively designed to imitate the natural environment of the pandas. Explore the gardens and you will see smaller pandas, white crane and the black necked cranes. There is a fodder room, veterinary area and a service center. This facility was built with the intention of protecting the panda species and releasing them into the wild, whenever appropriate. Visit the Giant Panda Museum, this museum has three exhibition halls and they are the butterfly hall, vertebrate hall and the giant panda hall. There are pictures and samples of over 2000 that were discovered in the Sichuan region. There are over 10000 specimens and documents that highlight the living conditions and dangers that these species face. Try to reach this facility before 9:00am and you will be able to see the giant pandas have their breakfast, an exciting moment for the whole family. Admission feeTransport: Take the buses with numbers 87, 198, 867
The Wolong Natural Reserve is a beautiful place to visit in Chengdu. This reserve is a shelter for the giant pandas and a place where the visitor can see the native flora and fauna, many of which are endangered. This is located in the southwest of Wenchuan county of Sichuan Province and is in the picturesque valley of the east Qionglai Mountain. One of the most scenic areas, you will see the highest peak Mt Siguliang that stands at a height of 6,250 meters and the 101 other peaks that average about 5000 meters each. Notice the topography as it slants downwards to the southwest direction. This area is perfect to shelter endangered species and other rare animals like the giant panda, the terrain makes it difficult for poachers to invade. The Wolong Natural Reserve is in the Man and Biosphere program, this program's main purpose is to protect the forest eco-system of this area and the endangered animals. This temperatures here are at 9 C during summers and this is ideal for animals like the snow leopard. With a dense forest coverage, you may catch sight of the golden monkey, macaque or even a panda. The Wolong has many native medicinal plants and it also has natural fungus that serves as the ingredient for native medicine.Transport: Take a coach bus at Chengdu West Gate Bus Station.
The most oldest street in Chengdu is the Kuanzhai Lane. This famous street was built during the Ming Dynasty and it has three lanes. The Kuan Lane, Zhai Lane and the Jing Lane. Walk along the Kuan Lane and you will find taverns, old tea houses and residents who still maintain a lifestyle that is their culture. Jing Lane is the vivacious and modern part of town, you will find clubs, restaurants and boutiques. This is a popular destination for the youth of this city. The Zhai Lane is the older part of this area, you will see traditional and well preserved buildings.
The Sichuan Opera is a classic type of Chinese opera. This opera originated in the Sichuan Province about 1700 years ago. An entertaining experience watching a local production! The Bian Lian is a style where there is a lot of face movements. This is a traditional and famous are form in the Sichuan Opera. Watch in wonderment as the performers twist their faces and gesture vigorously with their paints masks that change color with the change in emotions of the storyline. A beautiful art form from ancients times that still exists in today's modern world.
Brocade is an ancient technique of silk manufacture that is over 2000 years old. The Shu Brocade is one of the four types of brocades that were created in China, the Shu Brocade can be traced to the Han Dynasty. This colorful and soft fabric has had poem written by Yang Xiong in the Han Dynasty. This is a piece of history, art and tradition that any visitor to Chengdu must buy as a souvenir. Bamboo over Porcelain Ware is a unique craftsmanship that was popular in this region, it can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty. This local handicraft is created by weaving bamboo filaments over porcelain.
Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province and the Sichuan Cuisine is one of the four famous cuisines in China. The food is spiced up with chilly! This cuisine has evolved in over the centuries and there are more than 3,000 varieties of dishes to savor. Taste the Dan Dan Noodles, this classic dish is noodles tossed in chilli oils, pork, scallions and preserved vegetables. The Clear Noodles in Chilli Sauce and the Chen Mapo Tofu are delicious! Chen Mapo has Tofu set in a spicy chilli and bean based sauce and it can trace it's roots back to the 1800s.
Vacation rentals in Chengdu (Sichuan)
How to get there ?
The Shuangliu International Airport is the only airport in Chengdu. It is in the southwest of this city and is about 16 km away from the city center.The railway system in China is excellent and Chengdu is well connected with the rest of the country. There are two railway stations for the passengers, the North railway station and the East railway station.The main coach station is at Chengdu Bus Station, it connects this city to all the neighboring towns, visitors will find it comfortable.Getting around the cityThe Pedicab is a cheap and fast way to get around the city, the drivers wear uniforms with an identity card and it is expected that you bargain before you sit in one. The subway is good and it connects the entire city. Taxis are parked at the stands and they have a sign on top of the cab, many of the signs are in English. It is advisable not to drive in China, as the traffic is heavy and language and signs are difficult to comprehend. Public buses are regular and have a schedule, visitors can also take the tourist buses that shuttle between the major attractions of this city.