Presentation of the destination
Paris is a capital of France, located on the Seine River in the region of Ile -de-France, north of the country. The city has a total land area of 105.4 km2 (40.7 sq mi) and a population of more than 2, 243, 833 inhabitants. In the 12th century, Paris became a fortified cathedral city. Paris is a renowned “world capital of gastronomy” and also known as the “city of lights” (La Ville-Lumiere) because it was the first city in Europe to have a gas street lighting (Passage des Panoramas). Paris boasts of being an “International capital of Fashion” and a home to the world-famous fashion designers and luxurious cosmetics, such as Chanel, Dior, L'Oreal, Yves Saint-Laurent, Lancome, Clarins, Guerlain and many more. Paris has been a favorite site for many famous movies. The city also has a range of historical museums, theaters, and historical buildings and structures such as the Eiffel Tower and The Louvre which makes Paris one of the leading tourist destinations in the world. The city has as a typical Western European oceanic climate.
Points of interests / things to see
The Eiffel Tower (French: La Tour Eiffel) was built by a renowned engineer Gustave Eiffel and was also named after him. This 324 metre (1, 063 ft.) iron lattice tower stands proudly on Champ de Maris in the city of Paris. The Eiffel tower was originally designed by senior engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier as a centerpiece of the 1889 Exposition Universe. Since it was erected in 1889, the Eiffel Tower has been the highest structure in the world for 41 years until the Chrysler Building was built in New york City in 1930. The tower has three levels and the top can be reached by using lifts and stairs. On the first and second levels, at the height of 380 feet, there are world-class restaurants offering a finest dining experience with a magnificent view of the city. The Eiffel Tower restaurants are home to some of the city's notable chefs. The third level, 906 ft (276 m) above the ground, is an observatory platform where visitors can enjoy a breathtaking view over the city of lights, Paris. The Eiffel Tower is the most popular landmark in Europe and a world-class symbol of Paris that has attracted millions of visitors every year. Visitors from all around the world will surely admire this incredible masterpice.
The Louvre (French: Musée du Louvre) situated on the right bank of Siene River, is one of Paris famous landmark. This 60, 600 square metres (652,300 square feet) museum is a monument displaying a remarkable collection of more than 35, 000 items from pre history to the 21th century. The Louvre is the most visited museum in the world, receiving 9.7 million visitors every year. This historical museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, a royal fortress built by King Philip II in the 12th century. In 1692, some royal collections were displayed in the Louvre such as the ancient Greek and Roman sculptures. The Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture occupied the Louvre in 1692. During the french revolution in the 18th century, the Louvre Palace eventually became a museum. It opened its door to the public on August 10, 1793. The museum displays the nation's valuable masterpieces. In 2008, the collection was divided into eight departments: Egyptian Antiquities, Eastern Antiquities, Roman Antiquities, Greek, Etruscan, Islamic arts, Sculpture, and Decorative Arts. The museum also boasts of being a home to famous work of arts such as the Leonardo da Vinci's “Mona Lisa”, and a renowned sculpture “Venus of Milo”. The breathtaking Louvre Pyramid, an entrance to the museum is also a magnificent sight. Explore the Louvre Museum and discover the history and culture of France.
Place de la Concorde is an octagonal eight hectare (20 acres) square park situated in the middle of the tuileries and Champs-Elysees in Paris. In 1763, a massive statue of King Louis XV was erected in the heart of the area as a celebration for his recovery. The Place de la Concorde was created in 1772 by architect Jacques-Ange Gabriel. During the French Revolution in 1792, the King's statue was removed and a greater statue called “Liberte” (Freedom) was replaced on that spot. The square was then called “Place de la Revolution” and a guillotine was stationed in the middle of the square. Around 1,119 people were beheaded on a guillotine, among them are the renowned King Louis XVI, Marie-Antionette, Robespiere and many more. In 1836, an impressive 3200 years old obelisk from the Thebes temple was positioned at the heart of the square. This 23 meter (75 ft) pink granite monolith weighing 230 tons was a gift from the Viceroy of Egypt to Louis-Philippe in 1831. The remarkable obelisk is decorated with hieroglyphs of the reign of pharaohs Ramses II and Ramses III and is sometimes called “L'aiguille de Cléopâtre” or Cleopatra's Needle. In the 19th century, Jacob Ignaz Hittorf decorated every corner of the Place de la Concorde with statues representing some of the French historic cities. A fountain called “La fontaine des Mers” was created in 1836 followed by another fountain called the “Elevation of the Maritime” in 1839. Explore the Place de la Concorde and be mystified by its historical charms and remarkable role during the French Revolution.
The Pantheon (meaning “Every God”) is situated in the Latin Quarter in the city of Paris. It was built by King Louis XV as dedication to St. Genevieve, the patron saint of Paris. In 1744, King Louis promised to replace the ruined church of St. Genevieve once he recovered from his sickness. When he finally recovered in 1755, he commissioned Abel-Francois Poisson marquis de Marigny to carry out his plan. The church was designed by Jacques-Germain Soufflot and the construction began in around 1757. The construction of St. Genevieve's church was finally completed in 1790. In 1791, the National Constituent Assembly ordered the church of St. Genevieve to be used as a mausoleum. The Pantheon contains a memorial tomb of some notable Frenchmen such as Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Moulin, Louis Braille, Alexandre Dumas, Jean Jaures, Marie Curie, architect Soufflot and many more. From 1906-1922, a world-famous sculpture“The Thinker”, a work of a renowned Auguste Rodin was positioned in the Pantheon. Explore the Pantheon and be amazed by its magnificent Dome, breathtaking Crypt, Corinthian portico, as well as the statue of Voltaire. Visitors will easily see the inscription on the Pediment of the Panthéon that reads “AUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE” (“To the great men, the grateful homeland”).
Jardin du Luxembourg is one the famous park in Paris located closed to the Latin Quarter. This 22.45 hectare park is one of the best recreational spot in the city, attracting many visitors every year. The park was formerly owned by the duke of Luxembourg until Marie de' Medici, a widow of King Henry IV bought it in 1612. After the assassination of the king in 1610, his Italian widow Marie de' Medici left the Louvre and ordered Salomon de Brosse to build a new palace with a typical Italian garden. During the French Revolution in the 18th century, the garden was redesigned into a French style including the Grand Bassin, an impressive octagonal pond. It is the most beautiful attraction in the park where children can rent little boats. The pond is surrounded with nice path, and lawns with a variety of colorful flowers creating a very relaxing ambiance. Young visitors will also enjoy the puppet theater, pony rides, a merry-go-round, and a huge playground. The park is perfectly decorated with statues and notable fountains. The most popular fountain situated in the northeast side of the park is the “Fontaine Medicis” designed in the 17th century. It depicts Polyphemus, a Greek mythological figure observing his lovers, Acis and Galatea. Visitors can explore the music pavilion and orangery and can also play tennis in the park.
Notre Dame is situated on the small island of Île de la Cité, at the heart of Paris. This famous cathedral in Europe was built by Bishop Maurice de Sully. The construction of the Notre Dame started in 1163 and was completed in 1345. This Gothic style cathedral was constructed on an enormous scale reflecting the city's status as the capital of France. The building is 128m long (420 ft) and has a couple of 69 m (226 ft) towers. In the 19th century, Viollet-le-luc added the 90m (295 ft) pinnacle to the cathedral. Visitors can also explore the Gallery of Kings and admire the 28 statues of Judean Kings and the impressive grotesques and gargoyles inside the church.
The Arc de Triomphe (Arch of Triumph) designed by Jean Chalgrin is situated in the heart of the Place Charles de Gaulle. Napoleon Bonaparte built the arch in 1806 as a tribute to his victories and the construction was completed in 1836. Visitors will admire the collection of reliefs displayed in the arch, commemorating Napoleon's battles such as the battle against the Turkish and the Austrian. You will also see the relief of the “Departure of the Volunteers” in 1792, and the historic thirty shields. Names of the French commanders were inscribed on the triumphal arch. Beneath the Arch lies the grave of the unknown soldiers in honor to fellow soldiers who died in world war I. The observation deck at the top of the Arch offers a stunning view towards the city.
Catacombes de Paris, is an underground cemetery, situated in the southern part of the Place Denfert-Rochereau in city. The catacombs was opened in the 18th century and it holds about 6 million remains. This underground burial eventually became a tourist attraction and was opened to the public in the 19th century. The catacombs official name is l'Ossuaire Municipal. The Count of Artois (later France's King Charles X) was the first renowned individual who visit the catacombs in 1787. The church disagreed with the exhibition of the sacred human bones and the catacombs was closed in 1833. Finally in 1850, the catacombs was reopened and is now one of the city's renowned museums. Feel the thrill as you explore this one of a kind museum.
Les Invalides also known as L'Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids) was built by architect Leberal Bruant and Jules Hardouin Mansart from 1671-1678 as a retirement home for the war veterans. The building contains monuments and museums such as the Musee de I'Armee, the Musee des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musee d' Histoire Contemporaine, all of which represents the history of the French Military. It also holds the remains of the notable French warrior Napoleon Bonaparte and many other French war heroes. You will also see the tomb of Marshal Vauban and the statue of Napoleon. Visitors will surely be amazed by the historical charm of the remarkable Les Invalides.
Vacation rentals in Paris (Île-de-France)
How to get there ?
You can fly to and From Paris in Charles de Gaulle International Airport (CDG). This is the city's main international airport situated 23 kilometers northeast of Paris. From CDG you can take the RATP buses, taxis, or even limousines to get to the center of the city. The Charles de Gaulle Airport is also connected to the city's fastest rail service. Visitors can easily take the TGV to visit some of Paris world-class attractions. Another international airport, is the Paris Orly Airport (ORY) located 14 kilometers south of Paris. This airport handles local and charter flights. You can fly in and out of the city from Orly Airport, served by around 30 airlines. The Orly Airport also rewards the travelers with their remarkable collection of arts and an observation deck providing a great view towards the city. From Orly Airport, visitors can get to the city centre by Orlyval train, and Orlybus. For detailed information about the airports in Paris, please visit http://www.aeroportsdeparis.fr/. Rent a car is also available in both airports. Visitors will easily get around Paris since the city has an efficient public transport system consisting of buses, trains, and taxis. The best way to explore Paris is to travel by foot and enjoy the city's incredible charm every step of the way.
Paris city hall
Hotels in Paris (Île-de-France)