Presentation of the destination
Castiglione del Lago is a small Italian community located at an altitude of 302 meters above sea level on the western shore of the beautiful Lake Trasimeno. If that does not mean anything, let me add that this is in the province of Perugia and in the Italian region of Umbria. The cozy town of Castiglione del Lago has just under 16,000 inhabitants. This makes it the largest town on the lake and the best base for exploring. Castiglione del Lago covers an area of 200 square kilometers and is part of the mountain municipality of Trasimeno Medio Tevere. The city is located in zone D in the climatic classification of Italian municipalities. Castiglione del Lago is divided into many districts, each with its own charm. These include Macchie, Panicarola, Petrignano, Gioiella, Casamaggiore, Badoa, Porto, Piana, Villastrada. The island Isola Polvese enjoys a special status. With 1000 inhabitants and romantically located at an altitude of 340 meters is Pozzuola. This is the largest district of the city. Originally, the whole city was located on an island. The water level of the lake, however, has been steadily decreasing since the Middle Ages, so today a hilly city on the mainland is left behind. The history of the city dates back to the time of the pile dwelling culture. Today's medieval history still bears witness to the beautifully preserved city walls and castle, which are one of the most popular tourist attractions.
Points of interests / things to see
The palace is a major sight of the city of Castiglione del Lago and should not be missing on any to-do list. The history of this beautiful building dates back to the 16th century. During this time, the wealthy Della Corgna family, also known as the "Marquis of Castiglione", built this magnificent building. As so often, we saw ourselves as something better than the infantry. That's why this royal palace was built away from the village. This makes it clear that you do not want to do much with the normal inhabitants of the city. The village and the palace separated beautiful gardens, which in turn were accessible to only a few privileged people. The magnificent gardens are unfortunately no longer preserved today, but the palace building itself can still be visited. The layout of the palace was constructed from one, or even two, towers from the 13th century. Shortly after the construction of the palace, the Baglioni family moved into the same. Pope Leone the Tenth spent his last years here and refused to leave the palace for even a single moment. He said that this was the only place he was safe. Many famous personalities, among them Niccolo Macchiavelli and Leonardo Da Vinci, were guests of the palace during this time.
The fortress, which surrounds a beautiful castle and is one of the main attractions of the city, is on top of it one of the oldest extant buildings in the city of Castiglione del Lago. The construction of the fortress was ordered by Frederic II of Swabia and started in the middle of the 13th century. The fortress in Castiglione del Lago originally had much bigger goals than just securing the core of the city, especially the castle. Thus, Frederic II of Swabia originally intended to cover the entire territory of the Puglia region, which moved through other parts of Italy. For this purpose, the entire historic village, which was located on the site of today's walls, had to be demolished and rebuilt elsewhere. This was the responsibility of Friar Elia da Cortona, who was also responsible for the construction of the Holy Basilica in Assisi. Just a few years after the construction began, the city claimed to own one of the most advanced military security installations of its time. In the 16th century, the exterior facade was once again modernized to make it better for cannon attacks.
The village of Castiglione del Lage is known for its historic churches, which adapts very beautifully to the quaint cityscape and is, so to speak, the cream of the townscape. The mother of all the Church is the Church of Saint Philip and Saint James. A visit is also recommended for church muffle. It must be said that the church of Saint Philip and Saint James is now preserved only as a ruin. This is hardly surprising as it dates back to antiquity and was one of the first churches in the region. Originally, this historic structure was used only as a chapel of the fortress. That is why some remnants of military objects are still found today, when you keep your eyes around the church. This is because a trap was set up here for attackers. So you built two walls. If the attackers managed to top the first wall, they faced a second wall and it was easy to shoot them from above the wall. Thus many attackers died at this point, in front of the church entrance.
Castiglione del Lago is a lively city that regularly peaks during events and festivals. Every year in April, the "Spring Meeting of Light Aircraft" takes place here. More specifically, on the large area on the edge of the lake. This area represented one of Eleuteri Airport, making it, of course, the ideal location for an air show. At the end of the month and until the 1st of May, the city hosts the International Kite Flying Festival â € œColoriamo i Cieleâ € which, under the motto â € œWe paint the skyâ €, inspires many spectators from all over the region. In the summer months there are many concerts inside the fortress, the most famous are certainly Trasimeno Blues and Roccacinema. In November, the festival "Piaceri di Lago" takes place, which translates as the "Lakes of the Lake". During this time, the riches of the lake, especially wine and olive oil, are celebrated. In between, there are always smaller festivals. Such events are an ideal way to get in touch with the locals and to learn more about local traditions.
The Isola Maggiore is a district of the city and, as its name suggests, an island on the lake. The Isola Maggiore is not just one of many islands, but the second largest island. Today only a little less than 40 people live on this island. This is a lot more historically. So one can say confidently that the island is visited for the most part by tourists and day trippers. Once, more precisely until 1211, even St Francis of Assisi lived on this island. The island's architectural highlight is the Church of St Michael, built in the 12th century on a small hill overlooking the lake and the city. The many olive trees, some of which are several hundred years old, add to the island's special atmosphere. This is a great place to go for a walk in nature.
Magione is a relatively large small town, with its 14,000 inhabitants only marginally smaller than Castiglione del Lago. It is located to the east of the lake and can be reached via the road to Perugia. There are several historic churches that characterize the beautiful cityscape. The city is very touristy though.
The city of Panila is believed to have been inhabited since the time of the Etruscans and for a long time consisted only of an imposing medieval castle, which was at the top of a hill. Over time, an interesting city has formed around it that is worth touring.
Tuoro sul Trasimeno is a small town located in the place where 200 years before Christ 16,000 soldiers from Rome were killed by Hannibal's army. A historical place.
This small village is located in the north of the lake and can easily be reached via the highway to Perugia in the form of a day trip. Here too, there is a castle worth seeing. The castle was weakened in the course of an earthquake in the 14th century and stands empty since then.
Vacation rentals in Castiglione del lago (Umbria)
How to get there ?
By car: Visitors by car must take the exit "Chiusi" on the A1 motorway, which connects the north with the south. From there, take the SS83 towards Perugia and then take the SS81 towards Trasimeno. By train: The railway line that goes from Perugia to Terontola-Cortona stops at the northern villages of Lake Magione, Torricella, Passignano and Tuoro sul Trasimeno. Terontola is also on the railway line between Rome and Florence connected. By Air: There are many airports nearby. These include Rome, Florence and Pisa.
Castiglione del lago city hall
Hotels in Castiglione del lago (Umbria)