Presentation of the destination
The pretty university city of Kaunas has just over 300,000 inhabitants and is the second largest city in Lithuania. Already in the 4th and 5th centuries, the area was inhabited at the confluence of Nemunas and Neris and Kaunas is first mentioned in 1361 in a document. The name of the city was most likely derived from a proper name. Kaunas enjoys a humid continental climate, which is protected from strong winds due to the influence of the Baltic Sea and the forest area west of the city. Thus, despite the relatively northern location, the average highs in the summer at 21 to 22 ° C. Winters are cold with average temperatures of -8 to 0Â ° C. Lithuania is a member of the EU and the Schengen area; the Lithuanian currency is Litas, divided into 100 Centu. The country is located in the Eastern European Time Zone EET: the clocks are two hours ahead of the coordinated world time (UTC + 2 or MEZ + 1).
Points of interests / things to see
In the center of the old town is the Town Hall Square, which dates back to the 16th century. The town hall itself dates back to the 18th century and looks a bit like a church. With its approximately 53-meter-high white tower, the building is often referred to as a "white swan". The Ceramics Museum in the Gothic basement rooms of the Town Hall offers an interesting insight into the history of Lithuanian pottery. Around the Town Hall Square, there are numerous beautifully restored 16th to 19th century town houses. Some of them are open to visitors. So there is a gallery in the house No. 1 and in the old pharmacy in No. 28 the interesting pharmacy and medicine museum can be visited. Many more houses are now cafés, pubs or restaurants and are also open to visitors. On the south side of the town hall square stands the baroque Jesuit church, which fits nicely with the town hall building. Close by is the monument to the Lithuanian national poet Maironis, to whom the exhibition is also dedicated in the nearby Museum of Lithuanian Literature, which is housed in his former home. Museum of Lithuanian Literature, Rotuses a. 13, 44279 Kaunas Website: www.maironiomuziejus.lt E-mail: email@example.com Phone: +370 37 207477 Opening Hours: Tuesday to Saturday 9am to 5pm Admission: 5 Lt.
The once provisional Lithuanian capital of Kaunas still sees itself a bit as the cultural capital of the country. Thus, in the old town, away from the Rathausmarkt, there are numerous buildings and museums worth seeing, and the city's calendar of events promises variety on holiday. The buildings along the cobblestone streets of the old town now shine in their old glory and show all the architectural styles of their origins: the old town developed from the Middle Ages and into the 19th century. The Gothic-style façades, the Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are usually decorated in pastel tones, and numerous floral plantings embellish the cityscape. The Perkunas House, for example, was built in the early 15th century for merchants of the Hanseatic League and is probably the oldest example of Gothic secular architecture in Lithuania. After a walk through the old town, it is worthwhile to stroll into the New Town and through the Laisves Aleja, the Freedom Street in the center of the new town. The new town was built around the middle of the 19th century and the beautiful pedestrian street of the Freedom Street is a nearly two-kilometer pedestrian zone in the heart of the new city. Surrounded by beautiful avenue trees and flower arrangements, it offers numerous interesting shops and restaurants along the longest pedestrian zone in Eastern Europe.
The ninth fort, or Devintas Fortas, is a fortification from the First World War. It was built in 1902 in the northwest outskirts of the city and served as an outpost of the Kaunas prison after the war, during the Second World War at least 18,500 Jewish people from all over Europe were murdered in the fort. Even under Stalin, the fort continued to be used as a prison and more people were killed here. Today, the fort serves as a memorial to the victims of the National Socialists and Stalin's. The museum displays an exhibition on the history of the fort from its beginnings to the end of World War II, including the Holocaust. The New Museum deals with the Soviet occupation. On a guided tour of the museum, which is also available in German, it is also possible to visit the catacombs of the fort. The museum rooms themselves, as well as the monument commemorating the murdered Jews in the fort, form a vivid memorial of the past. The Ninth Fort, Zemaiciu plentas 73, 47435 Kaunas Website: www.9fortomuziejus.lt E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: +837 377750 Opening hours: April to October daily except Tuesday 10am to 6pm; November to March Wednesday to Sunday 10 am to 4 pm Admission: 6 Lt., reduced by 3 Lt.
The ÄŒiurlionis Art Museum was founded in 1921 and is the oldest museum in Lithuania. Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis lived from 1875 to 1911 and is considered the most important and well-known painter of Lithuania: the museum is accordingly considered the most important museum in the city. In addition to the painter's works and memorabilia, the museum also offers a collection of Lithuanian folk art, an art collection of applied arts from the 17th to the 20th centuries, ancient Egyptian art and a coin exhibition. ÄŒiurlionis was not only a painter, but also a gifted composer and arguably one of the most interesting exhibition spaces offers the opportunity to listen to some of his works. The museum provides a good overview of the development of art in Lithuania and around the world and offers art and cultural history exhibitions in various buildings and galleries, thematically ranging from antiquity to the present day. Numerous other museums are also part of the Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis Museum. The museum also houses the Vytautas Magnus Military Museum and nearby is one of the oldest funicular railways still in operation. Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis National Art Museum, V. Putvinskio g. 55, 44248 Kaunas Website: www.ciurlionis.lt E-Mail: email@example.com Phone: +837 229475 Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 11am to 5pm Admission: 6l.
The Camaldolese monastery Pazaislis was founded in the 17th century and is located on the southeastern outskirts of Kaunas. Here, the Memel is dammed to a lake, the so-called Kaunas Sea. The monastery is best known for its imposing Baroque church, considered one of the finest Baroque buildings in Lithuania. In the 17th century, the chancellor of the then Grand Duchy brought the Camaldolese from Italy to Lithuania and donated them the monastery and the church. To build the church, the Grand Duke brought Italian master builders to Kaunas. The Grand Duke was in competition with his cousin in Vilnius, who had the magnificent Peter and Paul Church built there. The Grand Duke, however, did not live to see completion and was buried in the crypt of the church. The church is decorated with opulent frescoes by Michelangelo Palloni and decorated with red and black marble. The huge dome is 54 meters high and also decorated with a fresco. An image of the Virgin Mary, which the church received from the Pope in 1661, is considered miraculous. Every year, on 2 July, a procession with the picture takes place. In summer, a music festival is celebrated here. Information on the festival at www.pazaislis.lt Opening hours Monastery: Tuesday to Sunday 10 am to 5 pm Admission: 4 Lt.
A curiosity among the many museums in Kaunas is certainly the Devil Museum. It came from a collection of the painter Antanas Zmuidzinavicius, who had already collected a large collection of devilish representations during his lifetime. After his death in 1966, the museum was set up in his house and has since been supplemented by many other exhibits. About 3,000 depictions of the devil from around the world can be found here. Devil Museum, V. Putvinskio g. 64, 44211 Kaunas Website: www.muziejai.lt E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 11am to 5pm, on Thursday until 7pm Admission: 6 Lt., guided tours by appointment
Very close to the ÄŒiurlionis Museum in the New Town is also the oldest still operated funicular in Lithuania. The Å½aliakalnis Funicular is about 142 meters uphill to the monumental Resurrection Church of the city. The cable car was built and opened in 1931 by a Dresden company and the beautiful wooden carts still impress today. The Aleksotas Funicular was opened in 1935 in the same district on the left bank of the Nemunas. The Aleksotas Railway also has many original parts to see, and from the upper station there is a beautiful view of the old town of Kaunas. Both cable cars are listed buildings.
About 25 kilometers out of town in the town of Rumsiskes lies the Open Air Museum of Lithuania. Here, four Lithuanian villages from the 18th and 19th centuries were rebuilt, each representing one of the four Lithuanian regions. This makes the museum one of the largest ethnographic open-air museums in Europe. Traditional craftsmen demonstrate their art in the workshops of the museum: Here, jewelery is made of amber or woven according to traditional models. Technical buildings such as mills, an oil mill, a smithy, and a drapery can also be found on the expansive grounds. Open Air Museum of Lithuania, Neries gatve 6, 25 kilometers east of Kaunas Website: www.llbm.lt Opening hours: May to September 10 to 18, 1 to 15 October 10 to 17 Admission: 10 Lt.
Naturally interested visitors will certainly want to pay a visit to the zoological museum Tadas Ivanauskas. Here are about 13,000 stuffed animals, which certainly have their charm. Kaunas Botanical Garden is located about two kilometers south of the old town and also invites you to spend some pleasant and educational hours. The folk music and musical instruments museum displays many unusual and some traditional Lithuanian instruments and is also worth a visit. A visit to the few surviving or rebuilt parts of Kaunas Castle is certainly a must on a trip to the city. A tower, some ramparts and a piece of moat are all that's left of the 13th-century castle.
Vacation rentals in Kaunas (Kaunas County)
How to get there ?
The airport of Kaunas (www.kaunas-airport.lt) is located about 14 kilometers outside the city. In particular, budget airline Ryanair flies to the airport, linking eastern Lithuania to numerous places in Europe, including Frankfurt / Hahn. With Air Baltic there are further connections with change in Riga. From the airport, the number 29 bus goes directly to the center of Kaunas. The airport of Vilnius, about 100 kilometers away, offers numerous connections to other European countries. In any case, many visitors to the city will be able to combine a trip to Vilnius with a few days' stopover in Kaunas: from Vilnius, Kaunas can be easily reached by train, which runs several times a day. By coach Kaunas is also well connected with neighboring Poland, Latvia and Estonia. The nearest ferry port is KlaipÄ-da about 210 kilometers away. Kaunas has an excellent public transport network with numerous bus lines, trolleybuses and microbus routes. At www.kvt.lt you will find timetables and a map of all important destinations. The tickets are purchased directly from the driver when boarding the bus; Tickets purchased in advance must be validated when boarding one of the machines. City tours by bus are also offered from Rathausplatz. The old town can also be explored on foot.
Kaunas twins towns, sister cities
Discover the kaunas's international relations with partnership cities and friendship cities.
Hotels in Kaunas (Kaunas County)