City of Chisinau (Chisinau)

The city of Chisinau is included to the district Chisinau

Presentation of the destination

A trip to Chisinau, that is preparing

Chisinau is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova with over 700,000 inhabitants. It is also its industrial and commercial center. Chisinau is inhabited by 67.62% of Moldovans, 13.92% of Russians, 8.28% of Ukrainians, 4.49% of Romanians and 1.24% of Bulgarians. They are for the most part Orthodox Christians at 88.4%. Chisinau is twinned with 14 cities worldwide including Grenoble in France and Moscow in Russia. It is divided into five sectors: Buiucani, Botanica, Roscania and Ciocana. Despite many destructions due to wars and earthquakes, Chisinau has always rebuilt and now has great architectural wealth. It is nicknamed "the white city bathed in a green sea", for its white buildings surrounded by greenery: indeed, the Chisinau is particularly pleasant in When green spaces are at their best.

Points of interests / things to see

History: from origins to independence

Chisinau was originally a monastery founded in 1436 belonging to the Principality of Moldavia under the authority of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the XXth century, it was a small town of 7000 inhabitants. After the Turkish-Russian war between 1806 and 1812, eastern Moldova was assigned to the Russian Empire, making Chisinau the capital of the goubernia (territorial entity of Imperial Russia) of Bessarabia. In 1834, the development plan of the city separated it in two: the old city and the new city. Between 1830 and 1836 was built the Catedrala Nasterea Domnului designed by the architect Avraam Melnikov. In 1840, it was the Arc de Triomphe which was erected. In 1871 Chisinau was connected by rail to Tiraspol, then to Cornesti in 1873 and Ungheni-lasi in 1875. At the end of the XIX century, many Jews settled in Chisinau to flee anti-Semitism of the Russian Empire and to take advantage of the good economic conditions. In 1900, its population reached 125,000, including 43,000 Jews. An antisemitic uprising took place in 1903: the Kishinev pogrom, which lasted three days and killed 47 Jews. Bessarabia declared its independence after the Russian Revolution of October in 1917 and then joined the Kingdom of Romania.

Chisinau from 1918 to the present day

Chisinau was largely renovated between 1918 and 1940 and the monument dedicated to Stephen the Great was erected by Alexandru Plamadeala. But the city was almost completely destroyed during World War II, then by an earthquake in 1940 as Chisinau began to rebuild. A year later, the German and Rumanian armies attacked the recent Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, which suffered Nazi bombardment before being invaded by the Axis forces. With the occupation, Chisinau suffers the mass murder of its Jewish population. The number of victims rose to 10,000. At the end of the war, the city suffered fighting between the withdrawing German and Rumanian troops and the Red Army, which conquered Chisinau in August 1944 of which only 30% of its buildings remained. After the war, Bessarabia was integrated into the Soviet Union and Chisinau became the capital of the Moldavian SSR. The city was rebuilt little by little between 1947 and 1949. The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and the Soviet administration built houses and palaces of Stalinist architecture. In 1977, Chisinau suffered a new earthquake. Moldova gained independence in 1991.

GÃ © geography

Chisinau is in the center of Moldova, on the river Bîc. Its landscape is hilly and its lands are fertile, allowing the cultivation of vineyards and fruit trees since the Middle Ages. It covers 635 square kilometers and has 75,000 inhabitants. Its climate is humid continental with hot, dry summers and cold, windy winters. It averages 25 ° C in summer but temperatures can rise to 40 ° C. Rainfall is rare in summer but the city is often subject to storms. Temperatures range from 16 ° C to 24 ° C in the fall and spring.

The five sectors of Chisinau

Chisinau is divided into five sectors: Botanica, Buiucani, Centru, Ciocana and Râscani, ruled by lenders. The first, most populated, takes its name from the presence of a botanical garden. There is also a zoo and a shopping center. It is an area where the Russian and Ukrainian population is very present. Buiucani is populated by many Romanians. There is the largest Jewish cemetery in Europe, on which is located an abandoned synagogue, destroyed by the Nazis during the Holocaust. Buiucani is also known for its home market in Ion Creanga Street (named after the nineteenth-century Moldavian writer) where low-cost clothing is found. Finally, there is a center for political refugees and several parks. The Centru area includes the central and western part of Chisinau and the suburban town of Codru. The area of ​​Ciocana includes the eastern part of Chisinau, as well as the municipalities of Vadul him Voda, Bubuieci, Budesti, Colonita, Cruzesti and Tohatin. Finally, the Riscani sector includes a park dedicated to the Soviet victims of the 1989 Afghanistan war, with a large lake and a wood and an old ruined circus. Riscani is separated from the rest of Chisinau by a bridge.

The center and the boulevard Ate the Great

In the center of Chisinau are close to 700 buildings of the nineteenth century, in closed neighborhoods. There are 18 churches, four museums: the Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, the Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of History of Moldova and the Museum. e of Archeology and embassies and foreign institutes. The main thoroughfare is Stefan cel Mare Boulevard, which is 3.8 kilometers long. Originally, this road was the road between Chisinau and the camp of Russian military subdivisions in the eastern part of the city in 1789, built according to the General Plan of Development. same year. From 1840 to 1877 it was called Moscow Street, then Alexandrowskaia Street between 1878 and 1924 because of its monuments dedicated to the Russian Emperors Alexander I and II, and then it was called Alexandru Street Cel Brun of the name of the Moldavian prince who ruled between 1400 and 1432. In 1944, it took the name of rue Lenin, then boulevard Lenin. It is finally in 1991 that the boulevard took its current name, the year of the independence of Moldova. On this boulevard is the cathedral, the Union of Moldavian Painters, with metal sculptures representing muses, as well as various shops.

The Catedrala Mitropolitana Nasterea Domnului

At 2 Stefan cel Mare street stands the Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ (Catedrala Mitropolitana Nasterea Domnului) is the main cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church of Chisinau. It was commissioned by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov of New Russia (territorial subdivision which currently corresponds to the south of Ukraine) in 1830. The architect is Abram Melnikov, who also designed an similar church to Bolhard). It is of Neoclassical style and is made of stone and brick. She possesses three altars: the main one, of the Nativity of Christ, and facing him, an altar dedicated to Saint-Martyr Nikita and another to Saint-Patron Jean. Its composition is symmetrical and includes the church with its entrances of colonnades and its belfry surmounted by a dome. Two shrines are dedicated to one of the most important ones in Moldavia (which ruled between 1457 and 1504) and the other at the Assumption. The cathedral played a role in the beginning of the first radio of Chisinau, Radio Bessarabia: in 1939, the first broadcast was a retransmission of a liturgy in the cathedral. It was bombed during the Second World War and its bell tower was destroyed by local communists in 1962, before being rebuilt in 1997.

The Arc de Triomphe and the Armenian Quarter

The triumphal arch of Chisinau was built in 1841 and restored in 1973. It is located on the Stefan cel Mare boulevard, in front of the central square. His plan is square, on two levels. It is 13 meters high and its four pillars were made in a Corinthian style, while the upper level is in classical style. On the front of the building is a clock illuminated at night. Chisinau has an Armenian neighborhood where the first immigrants, 113 families, came from Armenia at the beginning of the XV century. They were given this area in 1814 to build their homes and places of worship.

Moldavian Montmartre and the Place de la Grande Assemblée Nationale

Between the National Theater Mihai Eminescu and the Organ Hall is an outdoor painting exhibition, called "Moldavian Montmartre". Further on, the Place de la Grande Assemblée Nationale is surrounded by the cathedral park and the Arc de Triomphe. It hosts the flower market, the seat of the Moldavian government, the National Palace, the Chisinau Concert Hall and the National Library. It is in this square, in the center of the city, that the events and cultural events of Chisinau take place.

Richness of recent architecture

Among the buildings of the nineteenth and twentieth century, there are the Royal School, the Municipal Bank, the Court, theological seminary, the Town Hall, the Lyceum, the Chà ¢ Water and the Herza House. From the 1920s, the city was subject to many changes because of wars, earthquakes that came to undermine the reconstruction and urban development. In the 1970s there appeared architectures marked by the Soviet period: the Opera, the Hotel Cosmos, the House of the Government, the seat of the Communist Party or the Palace of the unions. The most recent buildings are headquarters of business centers and banks.

Writer : wiki.city

Vacation rentals in Chisinau (Chisinau)

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Weather in Chisinau

consult meteo of Chisinau

Time in chisinau

Local time

Local time and timezone in chisinau

Chisinau time
Timezone
UTC +3:00 (Europe/Chisinau)
Summer time UTC +3:00
Winter time UTC +4:00

Figures

Country :
Moldova
Locality :
Chisinau
Administrative area 1 :
Chisinau
Country code :
MD
Latitude :
47.0104529
Longitude :
28.8638103

Surrounding towns

  • Ialoveni ~13.5 km
  • Codru ~9.3 km
  • Băcioi ~13.5 km
  • Sîngera ~13.9 km
  • Costești ~22.9 km
  • Bubuieci ~9.3 km
  • Budesti ~15.3 km
  • Stăuceni ~10.9 km
  • Cricova ~15.6 km
  • Gratiesti ~12.5 km
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How to get there ?

Getting to Chisinau

Chisinau is accessible by Chisinau International Airport, which connects the cities of Athens, Bucharest, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kiev, London, Madrid, Milan, Rome and Vienna, among others. From Paris, you will have to stop in Munich or Bucharest and the journey takes a little less than 6 hours. The trolleybus network allows you to move around the city with its 22 lines totaling 246 kilometers. Chisinau trolleybuses operate between 6 am and 11 pm, while buses run until midnight. There are 29 lines and transport tickets are very cheap. More frequent, there are also minibuses in Chisinau and its suburbs. Buses also connect the cities Tiraspol, Odessa in Ukraine, Lasi and Bucharest in Romania. The station of Chisinau offers connections to Bucharest, Kiev, Minsk, Odessa, Moscow, Samara, Varna and St. Petersburg. Due to the conflicts between Moldova and the Republic of Transnistria, rail traffic with Ukraine has steadily stopped. For motorists, Chisinau is 1 hour 10 north-west of Tiraspol by the M 14, 1 hour 50 southeast of Balti, 2 hours and 30 minutes from Odessa in Ukraine and 5 hours 50 minutes from Bucharest to Romania.

Hotels in Chisinau (Chisinau)

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VisPas Hotel

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Diplomat Club Hotel

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Weekend Boutique Hotel

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Manhattan Hotel & Restaurant

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Olimpia Hotel

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Bella Donna Hotel

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Edem Hotel

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Codru Hotel

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Maxim Pasha Hotel

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Apartment on Armianskaya

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Jumbo Hotel

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Klassik Hotel

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Apartment Deluxe on Moscow Avenue

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Villa Natali

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Apartment on Khristo Boteva Street

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Funky Mamaliga Hostel