Presentation of the destination
Cebu is located in the Philippine Province, 587 kilometers south of Manila, on the island of the same name about 200 kilometers north-south and 40 kilometers east-west, between Negros and Leyte, in the Central Visayas region. Along its entire length stands Mount Cabalasan which rises to 1108 meters. The city of Cebu has 700,000 inhabitants (called Cebuanos) and one of the most developed islands in the country. It is the second seaport and the administrative center. Cebuano is spoken there as in most islands in the Philippines. Cebu is the gateway to two-thirds of the archipelago and is the first destination for foreign visitors (35%). Visiting Cebu and its region is discovering its beaches, exploring its beautiful hiking landscapes, diving to discover exotic coral reefs and enjoying the many infrastructures developed for tourism.
Points of interests / things to see
The metropolis of Cebu, called Metro Cebu, includes the cities of Carcar, Danao, Lapu-lapu, Mandaue, Naga, Talisay and the municipalities of Compostela, Consolacion, Cordova, Liloan, Minglanilla and San Fernando. Its total population is 2.55 million. The name of the city, the metropolis and the island comes from the word "sebu", which means "big animal". The city itself is divided into 80 districts called barangays, with 46 of them in the northern district and 34 in the southern district. The metropolis experienced a strong development in the 1990s, which earned it the nickname Ceboom (contraction of Cebu and Boom).
The proximity of many islands, beaches, hotels, diving spots, and historical sites, has fueled the development of tourism, especially since Cebu is accessible by air, by the by road and by sea. It is now the entry point of the center in the south of the Philippines. Music is another tourist attraction: the Cebu Reggae Festival, quickly becoming one of the most important festivals in the Philippines, also carries many tourists every year, as does the Jose R. Gullas Museum. Halad at the intersection of V. Gullas Street and D. Jakosalem Street.
Even before the Spanish colonization, Cebu already played a vital role in Asian trade thanks to its natural port and already treated with China and Japan. Its canal has always been deep enough for all commercial vessels and the Mactan Island protects it from winds and currents. Before the Spanish colonizers, Cebu was ruled by a datu, at the top of the social organization. He lived in a semblance of a wooden town hall, while his people lived on cottages or stilt houses made of bamboo and palm leaves. The Cebuanos community consisted of 30 to 100 households, whose inhabitants were called "pintados" because the men were very tattooed. Men and women wore many ornaments such as gold jewelry. The Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan left Sanlucar de Barrameda in Spain in 1521 and discovered Cebu on behalf of Spain. It was peacefully received, which allowed the island to remain free until February 1565 when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived. The Spanish conquistador, first defeated in Cebu, returns there two months later to attack and destroy the village of Rajah Tupas.
From Legazpi were established the first Spanish colonies. The Cebu civilization then gave way to the Spanish regime: Catholic churches were built, priests took part in the government alongside civilian leaders, and defensive guard towers were erected. All around the island. New festivities were celebrated, new products of agriculture were introduced. Royal Decrees allowed an expansion of agriculture and commerce, and the establishment of elementary schools in each city. But this development was jeopardized by a sugar crisis in 1892, which laid one of the first milestones of the Philippine revolution against Spain in 1898. The Spaniards withdrew but were replaced by the Ameros. Americans who ruled the archipelago until 1900. During the Second World War, the Philippines was occupied by Japan. The Philippines became independent in 1946. The archipelago experienced a new difficult period in 1972 when its President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law to remain in power after his two terms of office. He arrogated to himself the full powers and arrested hundreds of political opponents until 1978, when the United States put pressure on Marcos to organize free elections and to reconvene a parliament, which led the country towards a democratic transition.
Cebu is characterized by its narrow coastline, its limestone plateaus and the chain of fixtures that runs through it. The climate of the island is moderate and tropical. Temperatures vary between 23 and 33 degrees all year long. The rainy season begins in July and sometimes brings torrential rushes. Cebu is one of the centers of culture in the Philippines, with its Spanish and Catholic heritage. Its most famous monument is the Magellan's Cross, preserved in a chapel next to the cathedral of the Holy Child, was erected by the Spaniards When they arrive in the city. It was carved in the holy tindalo wood by order of the Augustinian bishop Santos Gomez Maranon to prevent it from being cut off and carried away in pieces by the vote. The Bishop also restored the Magallanes Street Temple between the City Hall and the Santo Nino College. Next to food, there is rice in the majority of dishes, as well as fish and seafood. You will also often find barbeque & puso - boiled rice wrapped in coconut leaves. But you will find different specialties in each city, which make the island's culinary wealth.
Every year, on the last Saturday of August, the Siloy Festival pays tribute to the patron saint Rose de Lima, celebrates the black Shama blackbird, sheltered by the forests of Mag-Abo, and glorifies its beaches immaculate white sand and its diving spots. From the third Sunday of January, the ritual dance festival called Sinulog will be held for 9 days to celebrate Santo Nino. This dance probably existed before even the arrival of the Spanish colonists, and then celebrated the pagan idols, before these latter were replaced by the Holy Child. This festivity has been supported by the authorities since the 1980s.
Santo NiÅo of Cebu is the patron saint of Cebu, an image of the child Jesus, whose sculpture is found in the oldest church in the country, the Basilica del Santo Niō (in French). Basilica of the Holy Child), built in the sixteenth century. The sculpture was discovered by Spanish explorers in 1565. The founder of the church is Andres de Urdaneta, a Basque Augustinian Spanish brother, who was also an explorer ship captain who took part in the colonization of the Philippines by order of Philip II of Spain. In 1566, the first structure of the church, built by Brother Diego Herrera, was made of hardwood and nypa (wood from a species of palm tree). Fernando y ValdÃ¨s Tamon, the governor of Cebu ordered in 1735 his stone reconstruction on the same site, in a baroque style. It was completed in 1739, and raised to the rank of minor basilica in 1965 by Pope Paul VI, during the fourth centenary of the Christianization of the Philippines. A museum inside the basilica exposes the history of Christianity in Cebu. There are antique objects, furniture dating back more than a century, religious objects sum statues and relics.
Separate Dioscese after having been part of the archdiocese of Manila, the Cebu island is predominantly Catholic, to which are added some Muslims, followers of the Church of Christ International, of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, the Filipino Benevolent Missionary Association, Witnesses of Jehovah and some Mormons. The region has several churches in addition to the basilica: a cathedral, the Church of the Holy Rosary, the Church of St. Joseph and the Rails, the Church of San Carlos, the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and other places of non-Catholic worship such as mosques or various temples, such as the Taoiste Temple, located in Beverly Hills.
Cebu is finally one of the university centers of the Philippines, with ten major universities and a dozen other schools specializing. For example, the University of San Carlos, which has four campuses around the metropolis, is run by the Divine Word Society. Other institution of higher education, the University of the Philippines in Cebu is located in the district of Lahug provides 8 courses and is expanding. It is an autonomous part of the University of the Philippines since 2010. The University of San Jose-Recoletos is a Catholic university opened in 1947, currently headed by the Augustinian Recolets, which has two campuses in the city and another in the municipality of Balamban. In Cebu, it is also possible to study at Cebu Normal University, a branch of the Philippine Normal School, which has been independent since 1924, or at the University of Doctors, or at the UniversitÃ © © from Cebu to Banilad, opened in June 2002. It offers courses in Information Technology and Computer Engineering. Finally, the last of the important universities of the city is that of the Visayas, established in 1919 is considered as one of the first universities of the city, independent since 2010 , where are formed many local and national political personalities.
Vacation rentals in Cebu city (Central Visayas)
How to get there ?
Mactan-Cebu Airport on Mactan Island, which connects Hong Kong (3 flights daily in 2:43), Malaysia (2 flights Kuala Lumpur-Cebu per week, in 4 hours), Singapore (from 1 to 4 per day, in 3:45), Thailand (2 flights Bangkok-Cebu per week, in 3:45) but also China, Japan and South Korea, is located 30 minutes from center of Cebu. It is connected to Cebu by two bridges on the sea between Mactan and Cebu that can be crossed by car. Cebu is also connected to other destinations in the world by Ninoy Aquino International Airport. The city is served by a local and international port run by the Cebu Port Authority. The SuperCat and OceanJet ferry companies offer fast daily departures to and from Cebu except Good Friday and New Year's Day. The travels inside the metropolis are by bus or jeep for a reasonable price. Bus Rapid Transit Systems, Ceres Bus Liner, CBL Liner, ABC Liner and Rough Riders facilitate transportation to nearby cities such as Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu and Talisay. We can also borrow the Light Railway Transit System company but the cost of transportation is higher. There are also many tricycles (motorcycles with sidecars) and taxis.
Hotels in Cebu city (Central Visayas)