The city of Ruda Slaska is included to the province Silesian Voivodeship and to the neighborhood Ruda Śląska
Presentation of the destination
Ruda Śląska is a city in Silesia Province in southern Poland. It is located on the banks of the picturesque Kłodnica River and is home to approximately 140,000 people. The first settlement was founded on the site sometime in the 13th century. In later centuries, it became an important regional industrial center due to the presence of coal, steel, and zinc in the area that could be mined. The city of Ruda Śląska was first founded in 1959, after decades in which the area was divided into small industrial settlements. The city’s economy is still somewhat focused on industry since it is home to a coal mine, but it also relies heavily on the service industry.Poland’s official currency is the Polish złoty and its official language is Polish. It has a temperate climate, with warm summers and relatively cold winters. It often rains in Poland, especially in the eastern parts of the country, though less so in winter than in summer.
Points of interests / things to see
Poland is home to dozens of medieval wooden churches that are fascinating to visit due to their unique architecture and religious importance. The finest wooden churches near Ruda Śląska have been named the Wooden Churches of Southern Lesser Poland by UNESCO. Each of the listed churches is said to be an excellent example of church-building traditions in medieval Poland. The churches were built using horizontal logs, which is part of what makes them so interesting in comparison with stone churches. The tradition of building Roman Catholic churches from wood in Poland began in the late 16th century. The earliest constructed churches contained Gothic features, while later churches show influences from the Rococo and Baroque architectural styles. Several of the churches have beautiful onion domes, while others have steeples. The UNESCO World Heritage Site churches include St. Michael the Archangel Church in the village of Dębno, St. Leonard Church in Lipnica Dolna, St. Michael the Archangel Church in Binarowa, Church of All Saints in Blizne, and Church of St. Phillip and St. Jacob in the village of Sękowa. One of the most famous churches is the Church of the Assumption of Holy Mary and St. Michael the Archangel in Haczów, which was constructed in the late 14th century and is the oldest wooden gothic church in all of Europe.
Nature lovers should take the opportunity to visit Babia Góra National Park, a beautiful nature area located near Poland’s border with Slovakia. It is located in the Beskid Mountains and includes the Babia Góra massif. Its highest peak is called Diablak, meaning “Devil’s Peak”, and reaches 1,725 ft (5,659 ft) in altitude. According to folklore, the mountain was used as a site for the Witches’ Sabbath long ago. Much of the park is covered in dense forests, which are home to a number interesting plant and animals species. It is also a UNESCO biosphere reserve site, which encourages people in the area to live in harmony with local natural resources. Animals that live in the area include bears, lynxes, wolves, and deer. Hikers who enjoy birdwatching can look out for the over 100 bird species that call the park home, including woodpeckers and eagle owls. There are also many unique insects that live in this thriving ecosystem. If you enjoy winter sports, then you can take advantage of one of the area’s ski facilities. The nearby village of Zawoja is particularly popular as a mountain resort. There are also several marked hiking paths that allow visitors to explore the park as well as climb the mountain and explore its natural offerings. Location: Zawoja 1403, 34-222 Zawoja (approximately 130 km from Ruda Śląska)Website: http://www.bgpn.pl/en
If you’re interested in castles, why not spend a day or two exploring the Trail of the Eagles’ Nest in southwestern Poland? The famous marked trail takes visitors past 25 medieval castles between the city of Częstochowa and Krakow, the second largest city in Poland. Much of the land along the trail is part of Eagles’ Nests Landscape Park, which was founded in 1980. The term Eagles’ Nest used in the name of the trail and the park refers to the 25 castles, which were so called because they were built high atop large rocky cliffs under the orders of King Casimir III the Great of Poland. These rocky cliffs are all part of the beautiful Polish Jura landscape, which is known for its numerous limestone formations from the Jurassic period, valleys, and caves. In addition to the many 14th century castles, the trail also passes by several defensive watchtowers. It is one of the most popular tourist trails in Poland, and most of the sites along its 163 km (101 mi) long route can be accessed by bicycle, car, and bus. While some of the castles only exist today as fascinating ruins, others are in better condition and contain many interesting features to explore, such as towers.
One of the most famous pilgrimage sites in Poland is Jasna Góra Monastery in the city of Częstochowa. It is a shrine to the Virgin Mary and is considered by many to be the spiritual capital of the country. Its most famous feature is its icon of the Virgin Mary wearing fleur-de-lis robes, known as the “Black Madonna of Częstochowa” or “Our Lady of Częstochowa”. It is unknown how old the icon is since the original image was painted over after having been damaged during a raid in the 15th century. According to legend, the panel the image is painted on is in fact a tabletop that was used in the home of the Holy Family, and is therefore regarded by many to be holy. It is also credited with various miracles, including having saved the monastery during a 17th century Swedish invasion, which is thought to have eventually caused a resurgence in the Polish resistance movement. The monastery was founded in 1382 and has been a pilgrimage site for hundreds of years. Thousands of Polish people make pilgrimages to the shrine each year, walking an average of 350 kilometers. It was officially named a national historic monument of Poland in 1994.Location: ul. o. A. Kordeckiego 2, 42-225 Częstochowa (approximately 90 km from Ruda Śląska)Website: http://www.jasnagora.pl/en
Wodzisław Śląski is a beautiful Polish town to visit for a day trip away from Ruda Śląska. It is located in Silesia Province and is home to over 50,000 people. It is a perfect place to enjoy by walking through the various city streets, with occasional stops to admire some of the town’s many interesting monuments. One of the town’s most popular gathering areas is the old town square, which is located near various restaurants that offer traditional Polish dishes that are sure to satisfy your hunger. If you are interested in religious sites, Wodzisław Śląski is home to a Gothic church that was built in 1257, a fascinating 17th century monastery, a church built in the neo-gothic architectural style, and a synagogue that dates back to 1826. One of the most famous landmarks in Wodzisław Śląski is the neo-classical style wall tower, a defensive structure that was built to protect the town in the past. It is also home to a palace that was constructed in 1745 using the classicist architectural style which takes elements from the Ancient Greek and Roman cultures. A nearby forest and lake are also popular places to visit if you’d like to explore the Polish countryside.Location: Wodzisław Śląski (approximately 55 km from Ruda Śląska)
One of the most interesting castles near Ruda Śląska is Będzin Castle. The earliest construction on the site was an 11th century wooden fortification that was destroyed in 1241 by a Tatar invasion. In the 14th century, the stone castle that can still be seen to this day was constructed during the reign of King Casimir III the Great of Poland. It was used as a key military outpost for the Kingdom of Poland in order to prevent invasions from other regional kingdoms. It was also used as the prison of Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria after he was defeated in war. Today it houses several fascinating museum collections.Location: Zamkowa 1, 42-500 Będzin (approximately 30 km from Ruda Śląska)
Pieskowa Skała is a cliff in the Prądnik river valley near the town of Sułoszowa that is famous for its beautiful Renaissance castle. The castle is a prime example of Polish Renaissance architecture built for defense purposes, and was constructed in the early 14th century under the orders of King Casimir III the Great of Poland. It was renovated later in the century by King Louis I of Hungary, and was eventually reconstructed in the Mannerist architectural style in the mid-16th century. Its most prominent features include a medieval tower, a large courtyard surrounded by arcades, bastion fortifications, and a small chapel.Location: Pieskowa Skała, Sułoszowa (approximately 80 km from Ruda Śląska)
If you’re interested in history, then you may want to visit Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau in Oświęcim. The museum was founded in 1947 by the Polish parliament as a memorial to those killed by the Nazis in the Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration camps during World War II. While the location was the site of a terrible human atrocity, the museum and memorial that exist there today help to inform visitors about the history of these events and their effects on the world in hopes of preventing another such tragedy in the future. Visitors are also able to see many original buildings at the concentration camp sites.Location: Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, 32-603 Oświęcim (approximately 50 km from Ruda Śląska)Website: http://en.auschwitz.org/m/
Kościuszko Park is a beautiful park that is just a short drive from Ruda Śląska in the city of Katowice. It is one of the most famous parks in the area and was founded in 1888. It was designed to look like an English garden and is full of beautiful rose bushes and flower beds. As you take a leisurely stroll through the park, be sure to visit its many monuments, including a parachute tower and a monument that commemorates local efforts to defend the town from Nazi invasion in 1939. The park is also home the Church of St. Michael Archangel, a fascinating wooden church building from the 16th century.Location: Katowice (approximately 15 km from Ruda Śląska)
Vacation rentals in Ruda slaska (Silesian Voivodeship)
How to get there ?
By plane: The nearest airport to Ruda Śląska is Katowice International Airport (KTW) in Pyrzowice, just north of the city of Katowice. It is the fourth largest airport in Poland and provides flights to a small number of destinations across Europe. It is located approximately 60 km northeast of Ruda Śląska.Website: http://www.katowice-airport.com/en/If you’re trying to reach Ruda Śląska from a foreign country, you may want to fly into John Paul II International Airport Kraków–Balice (KRK) in Krakow, the second largest city in Poland. It provides flights to a much larger number of international destinations. The airport is located approximately 80 km southeast of Ruda Śląska. Website: http://www.krakowairport.pl/en/By train: Ruda Śląska has a railway station, and is both easily accessible and affordable to reach using Polish passenger trains. Poland’s railways are primarily operated by Polish State Railways (PKP). From Ruda Śląska, it is approximately 2 hours by train to Krakow and 4 hours to Warsaw. Additional information regarding train prices, routes, and times can be found at the PKP website.Website: http://rozklad-pkp.pl/bin/query.exe/enBy bus: Poland has a number of bus companies that provide services both within the country and to many other European cities.
Hotels in Ruda slaska (Silesian Voivodeship)