The city of Busan is included to the division Busan
Presentation of the destination
Busan, formerly Pusan, literally means "mountain-cauldron" or "mountain-like cauldron". Located between Mount Geumjeongsan and the East Sea, also known as the Sea of Japan, Busan is the second largest city in South Korea, after its capital SÃ © oul. It is also the most important port city of the country, its maritime routes linking it to Japan and the rest of the world. With its three million inhabitants, the metropolitan district of Busan is divided into 15 districts ("gu") and one district ("gun"). Its historical heritage is unequaled, the region having passed through the dynasties, the Japanese conquests or the cold war and the Korean war, during which Busan played a decisive role. Its beautiful and flowery landscapes, in the middle of which are sublime Buddhist temples, make the area of Busan an ideal place for trekking.
Points of interests / things to see
Busan was known as Busanpo during the Koryo dynasty, from the 10th to the end of the 14th century. From the 15th century, it was designated by the Korean government as the exclusive port of commerce and trade with Japan, relations that took over after Japan's invasion of Korea in 1592. Its opening to international trade dates back to 1883. Under the protection of Japan, Busan has become a modern port with a flourishing trade. today earned it its title as the world's third largest seaport (by the importance of traffic and its efficiency) and international business center. Its location has also earned him full involvement during the Korean War. On June 25, 1950, the first day of these three years of combat, the South Korean army intercepted a North Korean transport ship that landed 600 of their soldiers in Busan. The carrier is sunk: it's the first fight between surface ships. Busan will later serve as a naval plate for the supply and reception of the US Army and the UN. In Busan, there is also a cemetery of the United Nations.
The metropolis Busan is known for its many beaches. Let's start by Haeundae beach. Its two kilometers of length are covered with a rather hard sand, result of the disintegration of the shells of the river Chuncheoncheon. Throughout the year, it hosts cultural events and festivals. There is also a place reserved for traditional games: Neolttwigi, Korean wrestling, Tuho, wrestling or Yunnorie. Songjeong Beach offers shallow waters and fine sand for families who enjoy swimming. The Judko, at the entrance to the beach, offers its groves for a well deserved break. You can fish there, go for a boat ride, or enjoy the sunrise from the Songiljeong Pavilion. This beach is also home to the Songjeong Beach Festival. It is open from early July to late August. Gwangalli Beach is famous for the undisputed quality of its sand and water. Here you can enjoy raw fish dishes, rent a boat, or enjoy outdoor concerts, especially during the Sea Festival in Busan. Many water activities are offered (water skiing, jet skiing, windsurfing).
In the outskirts of Busan, discover the fabulous landscapes of South Korea. With the island of Dongbaek, for example, the hike place par excellence, or the island of Oryukdo. For the more athletic, why not climb up Busan Mountain, Mount Geumjeongsan? Lovers of fauna and flora will fall in love with Taejongdae resort. With its rocky beach, fir forests and 200 other tree species, this park offers breathtaking views. There is also the Sinseon Rock which, according to the legend, is a place of rest for the gods and the deserters. We also found a dinosaur footprint dating from the coast. On this stone, a statue called Mangbuseok represents the symbol of the faithful woman. In this station, there is also an observatory, from which one can see the Japanese island Tsushima, or even the Yeongdo lighthouse founded in 1906 decorated with a gallery of art and history. natural. Another picturesque landscape is the Nakdonggang River, Eulsukdo Island and Ille Irungdo Delta. This beautiful and wild landscape is the favorite place of migratory birds and hosts no less than 150 different species (Bécrines, eagles ...). This small paradise of birds can be visited aboard a boat (from Myeongji-dong port).
Busan is first and foremost a port. So, you can not pass next to Jagalchi Market. In this authentic neighborhood with narrow streets and numerous stalls, discover the biggest market of the South Korean sea. You can enjoy very fresh raw fish. In October there is also the Jagalchi Tourist and Cultural Festival. Regarding architecture, the Busan Tower is an impressive monument. This tower of observation and transmission tames the landscape of its 120 meters. The top was modeled according to the canopy of Dabotap Pagoda from Buguska time in Gyeongju. For a cultural trip, Busan offers to see many museums such as the Museum of Modern History, the Museum of Musical Instruments from around the world, the Museum of Natural Marine History ( the largest and largest museum in Korea with 25,000 marine species), or the Busan Museum chronicling Korea's history of the South, of the city but also of its relations with Japan. Close to the beach, you can also visit the Busan Aquarium. Suitable for families with its entertainment, it offers an adventure to say the least: a glass bottom boat just above the sharks.
For shopping, we recommend the Nampodong district, Gwangbokro street or the district called "street of foreign stores" with many international stores. With your walks, many unusual sculptures and original urban developments are to discover. Note the statue of Grand Admiral Yi Shun-Shin, the citizens' bell, or a clock made of flowers. For nightlife, the city of Busan is full of bars and nightclubs. The atmosphere is concentrated mainly in the districts of Seomyeon, Nampodong and around the University of Pusan and Kyungsung University. The islands of Haeundae and Gwangalli also offer night activities.
If you leave Busan's city center a bit, you can discover many Buddhist temples like Beomeosa Temple. Built in 678 BC, this "Sky Country Fish" was built by a monk and is very popular. Destroyed during a Japanese invasion in the sixteenth century, its delicate architecture of the Joseon Dynasty was renovated in its accuracy in the seventeenth century. The temple also includes the Iljumun Gate, a pagoda, seven royal palace wings, pavilions and eleven hermitages. The most beautiful visits are in May in the middle of wisteria woods. Other temples can be visited, such as Haedong Yonggung overlooking the sea or Geumjeong. Near Busan also, do not miss the village of Gamcheon, a district of colorful houses, representative of a fusion of art and local life. In front of Busan, the island or rather the Dongsamdong Shells. This site was occupied around 8000-7000 BC. It bears the remains of lost civilizations with many objects (bone tools, pottery) and animal and human bones. All these discoveries have been presented since 2012 in a museum devoted to this exceptional archeological site.
Busan's position on the seaside is worth a warmer climate than in the rest of the country, thus protecting it from the winter frost. South Korea is subject to a humid subtropical climate with heavy rains in the summer due to the monsoon. There is also a risk of typhoons at the end of the summer. During the summer period, from June to September, it takes between 20 and 25 degrees. In winter, the temperatures are negative or close to three degrees. In spring and autumn, the climate is mild and the landscapes are colorful.
Heritari of the cold war, the South Korean population is mainly of Russian origin. Thus the exchanges are mainly in Korean and Russian, but also in English. Although dominated by technology, South Korea remains a country attached to its customs. It is strictly forbidden to write in red ink and blow your nose in public. Concerning your relations with the inhabitants, you have to use both hands when you give them something, especially a little present when you are invited to their home. When visiting Buddhist temples and other traditional settlements, you will need to wear the latest clothes hiding the shoulders and knees, to let go before entering and not to sit in front of the house. the image of the Buddha.
A few things to know before going to a Korean restaurant! Learn how to handle chopsticks, agree to be served (because it is rude to serve yourself). At a meal with a Korean, "everyone pays for themselves". Korea is a country known for the variety of its spicy cuisine, which often surprises visitors. Go to Kimchi, vegetables fermented to spices, or the Bulgogi literally "meat over fire" or "Korean barbecue", a marinated and then roasted meat. . Favorable country for rice growing, you will not fail to have some on your side. The country of walking The region of Busan is recognized as a popular place for walkers. Indeed, many circuits are proposed in particular to access the Buddhist temples withdrawn in the mountains. The beaches offer many nautical activities such as sailing or jet skiing. You can also visit Busan to take advantage of its hot springs with multiple virtues, adapted to your age or your health problems. Busan is also home to the largest film festival in Asia, the Busan International Film Festival.
Vacation rentals in Busan (Busan)
How to get there ?
The city of Busan has an airport located at the western end of the city, in Gimhae. It is an international airport that welcomed, in 2011, no less than 8 million passengers. You can then reach Busan's city center via a bus relay or by the metro (line 1). Indeed, the city of Busan is managed by a large amount of public transport. In case you prefer to rent a car, it is a good alternative if you want to visit the countryside and surroundings of Busan. This is, however, discouraged if you stay in the city itself, as traffic is chaotic and traffic jams and accidents are frequent. Many metro lines allow you to go to all of Busan's landmarks. There are also ferries to go to the islands or local trains.
Busan city hall
Busan twins towns, sister cities
Discover the busan's international relations with partnership cities and friendship cities.
Hotels in Busan (Busan)