Presentation of the destination
Although it is located very close to Madrid, just 17 kilometers to the southwest, Móstoles is more than a satellite city. It is a municipal unit with its own entity that, moreover, is proud to be the second largest in the region after the capital, in terms of number of inhabitants (in 2012 there were no less than 206,031 mostoleÃ ± o you). It is a dynamic and active city, which has been updated in recent times from a cultural point of view. In fact, today it has an outstanding art center, its own university and an interesting museum. Its continental climate similar to that of Madrid makes it a pleasant place at any time of the year.
Points of interests / things to see
Of all the temples that Móstoles has, the parish church of Nuestra Señora de la AsunciÃ³n stands out. Although the relevance of the building resides in different aspects, one of them is that it is of a special Mudéjar style. It is an architecture that was developed by Muslim artisans in Christian lands. The church dates from the 13th century, although, after several restoration works, the only remaining original elements of the building are the apse and the tower. In fact, they are the only Mudéjar style that exist throughout the autonomous community. The apse has a semicircular shape. Three superimposed bodies stand on a masonry base with small horseshoe arches as a decorative motif. In the apse the main altar of the church was lodged, with the main altarpiece. Afterwards, the other original element of the building is the tower whose base is of masonry and rectangular shape. It was not built all at the same time, but can be seen as three stages or phases of building. It is believed that the lower part is a minaret or Muslim minaret that can be part of a previous mosque, perhaps in the tenth or eleventh century. Then there is the part of the tower in which the bells are housed, from the beginning of the 13th century. It has eight Caliphal arches, some of horseshoe and others pointed. Finally, the top part where the clock is is, perhaps, of the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries. In the interior, it is worth noting the baptismal font dating from the late fifteenth century, although it could be that it reached Móstoles in the eighteenth or nineteenth century.
It is one of the most important architectural monuments of the city, given the importance that is granted in Móstoles to the patron saint, Our Lady of the Saints. The hermitage dates from the early seventeenth century. It was built in the same place where the image of the virgin rested, years before the hermitage was built. The construction of the hermitage began around the year 1602, and was completed three years later, in 1605. The designated place was located on land that was owned by Doña Constanza de Rojas, and the construction of the hermitage was financed with the contributions and donations of the people of the city. Throughout time the hermitage was in need of new repairs and expansion works. In 1680 the main chapel was built with a style of Jesuit court, with a sober exterior and Herrerian and Baroque features. It is worth looking at the beautiful Churrigueresque altarpiece that keeps the interior of the hermitage.
If there is a famous historical figure in Móstoles, that is undoubtedly AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n. He was ordinary mayor of the city for the Estado Noble in the year 1808. On May 2 of that year, TorrejÃ³n signed with Simón Hernández, also ordinary mayor of the city (by the General State) a document written by the noble Juan PÃ © rez Villamil by him was to alert other authorities of the nation of the massacre that the Spaniards were suffering in Madrid at the hands of the French. That document was called Bando de Independencia. AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n and SimÃ³n HernÃ¡ndez were imprisoned by this act. A century later, in 1908, King Alfonso XIII inaugurated this monument to AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n in commemoration of the first centenary of the uprising of the town of Móstoles against the French. The author, Aurelio Carretero, used a rock from Segovia to represent the Pyrenees. Behind the rock appears an imperial eagle representing France. To the feet, the statue of AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n and next to him, a horseman who gallops carrying the famous Bando of the independence. After seeing this monument, we must go to the Museum House of AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n, where the mayor lived and died. It is located on AndrÃ © s TorrejÃ³n Street, which was previously called Calle de Segovia. The house passed into the hands of the City Council in 1958, which has recently restored it.
It is one of the most interesting cultural points of the city. A modern and dynamic place that was inaugurated in the year 2008 and that monopolizes the artistic interest of the city. To find it we will have to move to the center of Móstoles, to the Avenida de la ConstituciÃ³n. There is located the impressive building of more than 5,800 square meters. It is a building of new construction, but it was built on a traditional construction of the XIX century, conveniently restored. However, the interesting thing about the Dos de Mayo Art Center is inside. His permanent collection covers no less than more than 1,300 works including photographs, paintings and sculptures. Most of them are the work of Spanish artists from the second half of the 20th century onwards. In addition, the center also holds the ARCO Foundation collection, which includes some 300 works by contemporary artists. But the CA2M is more than a simple exhibition center. There, conferences, workshops, courses and many other cultural activities are held for a wide and varied public. It is also frequent that different ludic events and musical performances take place in the center. More information on tel. (00 34) 91 276 02 13.
In addition to those cited up to this moment, Móstoles keeps other treasures that also deserve a visit. These are emblematic places and monuments that make up the essence of this city in the southwest of Madrid. One of them is the Laundry, or rather, the old laundry of Charquilla. It was built around the year 1850 and was the place where the women of Móstoles washed their clothes. Since 2011 this old laundry room is a decorative fountain that was restored maintaining its original structure. It also highlights the Fuente de los Peces, which was built in 1851 in a place known as the Pradillo. It is worth mentioning the Monument to Freedom, which commemorates the events that took place in Móstoles in 1808. This monument, located in the Plaza del Sol, was inaugurated by the ancient Spanish Monarchs in 2008 to commemorate the bicentennial of those events. Enrique Fombellida is the author of the sculptural group, more than 30 meters high. Finally, we will highlight the Móstoles Town Hall building as one of the most emblematic buildings in the city. It was inaugurated in 1976 with an architectural style that tries to remember that of the town houses of so many towns and cities of Castile. It is a five-story building, with exposed brick facade and arcades.
This mound is located in Getafe, a municipality in southern Madrid located about 10 km. from the capital, and about 24 from Móstoles. It is known to be considered the geographical center of the Iberian peninsula, although there is no relevant scientific data to prove it, since everything depends on how it is measured. In the highest part of the hill there is an esplanade where stands the Hermitage of Our Lady of the Angels, patron saint of the city. This small chapel dates back to the 14th century. It is also possible to visit the Sacred Heart Monument, built in 1919. On the slopes of the hill grow Aleppo pines. There are picnic areas, trails to practice sports, football fields and playgrounds.
Thus, this beautiful Madrid town, 49 km away, was traditionally known. of Móstoles. A historic and architecturally marvelous city, brimming with beautiful gardens such as the Gardens of the Parterre, the Prince or the Island. There stands the Palace of Aranjuez, which was built by Philip II in 1561. Although they were Juan de Herrera and Juan de Toledo who initiated the project, its construction was delayed for more than two centuries, which is reflected in the mixture of ornamental elements and architectural styles. Unesco has named Aranjuez City Cultural Landscape of Humanity.
It is a monumental city worth visiting, since it is really charming and only 55 km away. of Móstoles. Its porticoed Main Square, an authentic marvel, is the social, ludic and festive center of the town, since bullfighting bullfights are held there. You can also visit the Monastery of the Augustinians, which has beautiful gardens and a spectacular cloister. Today is the Parador de ChinchÃ³n. And, finally, it is advisable to enter the Church of the Assumption, a temple of Plateresque and Herrerian style, to admire the Goya canvas that is preserved inside.
One of the incentives offered by the city of Móstoles is, without doubt, its proximity to the state capital. Madrid, with all the good that it has to offer to the tourist at a recreational, cultural and festive level, is located at only 17 kilometers from Móstoles. Since communication at the transport level is very good and efficient, we can reach the big city in about half an hour. In this way, the visitor of Móstoles has at his disposal the opportunity to discover the thousand and one treasures of the Madrid capital. A whole repertoire of things to see and do that will fulfill the expectations of the most demanding tourist.
Vacation rentals in Móstoles (Community of Madrid)
How to get there ?
- By road: Móstoles is perfectly connected by road both with Madrid, and with other cities in the vicinity. From Madrid you can arrive by the Autovía de Extremadura A-5. You can also access the city by the M-50 ring road, which connects Móstoles with other urban centers of the metropolitan area of the capital. Â - In a plane: the Adolfo SuÃ¡rez Madrid-Barajas Airport is located about 35 kilometers from Móstoles. You can get there easily and comfortably on public transport. Â - By bus: there are several bus lines that connect Móstoles with Madrid, and also with the most outstanding cities in the surroundings such as AlcorcÃ³n, Fuenlabrada or Villaviciosa de Odón. Â - By train: Móstoles has two train stations, from which it connects with Madrid and other centers of the area through a line of commuter trains. The ticket price is around € 2. Â - Public transport and taxis: in addition to the bus lines that provide service in Móstoles, connecting the most remote neighborhoods of the city, there is another very practical means of transport and effective: the Metrosur. It is line 12 of the Madrid Metro, which connects different places in the city such as the Rey Juan Carlos University or the Móstoles Hospital.
Hotels in Móstoles (Community of Madrid)