Presentation of the destination
Tunis is the capital city of Tunisia, a country in North Africa. It is also the largest city in Tunisia, with a population of over 650,000 people that make up part of a metropolitan area that is home to over 2.3 million people. Tunis is located alongside the Mediterranean Sea at the Gulf of Tunis and extends into the surrounding hills. It is the political, administrative, and cultural center of Tunisia, as well as an important economic center. The production of carpets, olive oil, and textiles are important parts of the city’s economy, as well as income from tourism. The city has a Mediterranean climate with extremely hot, dry summers and cool, rainy winters. The official language of Tunisia is Arabic, though French is also recognized as an important lingua franca in the country. Its official currency is the dinar, often written using the code TND, and its time zone is UTC+1.
Points of interests / things to see
Avenue Habib Bourguiba is the most famous street in Tunis. It is considered to be the heart of Tunis due to its importance as a political and economic landmark. It is named after Habib Bourguiba, who was the first President of the Republic of Tunisia between 1957 and 1987. This beautiful avenue is lined with trees, shops, and cafes, and is often compared to the famous Champs-Élysées in Paris. There are dozens of fascinating monuments located along its path leading to the Lake of Tunis such as the Théâtre municipal de Tunis, the city’s municipal theatre, which presents ballets, operas, concerts, and plays performed by Tunisian and international actors. One of the most famous religious monuments located on Avenue Habib Bourguiba is the Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul, a Roman Catholic cathedral. It was built in the 1890s using a variety of architectural styles, including Moorish, Gothic, and Neo-Byzantine techniques. While the number of Catholics in Tunisia has decreased since Tunisia gained independence from France, it is still an important religious site. Another popular landmark is the Bab Bhar, or Porte de France, a remarkable free-standing arch that leads into the city’s medina area. Avenue Habib Bourguiba has also been the site of important Tunisian political demonstrations throughout the country’s history.Location: Avenue Habib Bourguiba, Tunis
The National Bardo Museum is one of the most important archaeological museums in all of North Africa. It is located in a spectacular 13th century Hafsid palace in Tunis. It features one of the most significant collections of Roman mosaics in the entire world, as well as an immense collection of other artifacts from the Ancient Roman and Ancient Greek civilizations that have been discovered in local archaeological excavations. Museum exhibits include fascinating items such as Punic jewels and Roman sarcophagi, as well as the cargo of a Roman ship that wrecked near Cape Africa which includes Greek masterpieces such as bronze works, marble sculptures, and furniture. It also contains extensive collections of items from the ancient city of Carthage, located just outside of Tunis, and ancient Dougga, the best preserved Roman town in North Africa. Some of the museum’s most popular displays include the remarkable marble mosaic of Virgil dating back to the 3rd century, the 2nd century monumental marble sculpture of Apollo, and the mosaic of Diane the Huntress with a bow and arrow preparing to shoot a gazelle.Location: Rue Mongi Slim, TunisHours: Open daily 9:00 to 17:00 (May through September) and 9:30 to 16:30 (October through April)Admission: 11 TNDWebsite: http://www.bardomuseum.tn/index.php?lang=en
The most famous religious historical site in the Tunisian capital is Al-Zaytuna Mosque, also known as Ezzitouna Mosque, which translates as “the Mosque of the Olive”. This immense 1.2 acre mosque is the oldest in Tunis, and was constructed using 160 columns from the nearby ruins of the ancient city of Carthage. It is famous for being the home of one of the first Islamic universities in the world, known today as the University of Ez-Zitouna, where Muslim scholars have been studying for over 1,000 years. Starting in the 13th century, the mosque became an important center of Islamic learning in the region, attracting students from around the world to learn about theology, law, history, grammar, science, and medicine. Its libraries were known to be some of the best in the world, and featured an immense collection of rare manuscripts covering nearly every academic subject of research. Famous former students include theologian Ibn Arafa and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi, a Tunisian poet who wrote part of Tunisia’s national anthem in the early 1900s. The exact date of the mosque’s construction is unknown, though it is thought to be sometime around the year 700. The building itself is worth visiting in order to see its gorgeous design, featuring large galleries filled with marble and granite columns. Location: Rue Jamaa Ezzitouna, Tunis
Belvédère Park is the largest urban park in the city of Tunis. It was founded in 1892 on the land of an ancient olive grove and was designed by landscape architect Joseph Laforcade, who was the head gardener of the city of Paris at the time. It was constructed as an English style park, featuring beautiful plants and trees that visitors can explore at their leisure using some of the many footpaths that wind through the park. One of the best places to relax is by the park’s lake, which is full of beautiful ducks that you can watch swim from a nearby Andalusian-style cafe with a terrace. However, there is plenty of space to explore by car or on foot, including landscaped hillsides and flower-filled meadows surrounded by palm and pine trees. If you love animals, then make sure to visit the zoo located within the park, which was built in the mid-1960s and is home to over 155 species of African animals. Children in particular will love visiting the lions, monkeys, bears, elephants, flamingos, and jackals, as well as the nearby playground. If you get hungry, the park has several cafes that provide snacks, drinks, and light meals. Location: Avenue Taieb M’Hiri, Tunis
The Médina of Tunis is the historical and cultural heart of this ancient city. The medina area is home to approximately 700 historical monuments including mosques, palaces, madrasas, fountains, and mausoleums. In 1979 it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its many fascinating monuments. The most famous landmarks located in the medina area include the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, the Great Mosque, and Bey’s Palace, also known as Dar-al-Bey. Bey’s Palace is a popular tourist attraction due to its eclectic combination of architectural and decorative techniques. It is also thought to be located atop the ruins of a Roman theatre. The medina is home to one-tenth of the population of Tunis, which you can see for yourself as you wander the densely-packed narrow streets of the medina and explore its many shops. If you’re interested in the architecture, then all you need to do is go for a walk through the medina to see Andalusian and Arab-influenced buildings, as well as Roman and Byzantine columns, in the area’s many small palaces and prestigious homes built between the 17th and 19th centuries. For an excellent walking tour of the medina and its most famous sites, stop by the tourist office and ask for their detailed map.Location: Médina, TunisWebsite: http://www.medinatunis.com/index.php/fr/
Tunis is home to several souks, a type of open-air marketplace commonly found in North African cities. You can find a bit of everything in the souks due to the wide variety of items sold by local merchants, including perfumes, fruit, books, wool, fish, jewelry, and pottery. Souk El Attarine dates back to the early 1700s and is known for its beautiful perfumes, while Souk El Kmach is famous for its fabrics. Souk El Birka was constructed in the 17th century and features jewelry and embroidery, and is the site of a former slave market. Nearby, you can visit Souk El Leffa, where you can purchase handmade blankets and weavings, before reaching Souk Es Sarragine’s leather vendors.
The National Military Museum in Tunis was first opened in 1989 on the 33rd anniversary of the creation of the Tunisian National Army. Its vast collections contain over 23,000 artifacts such as oil paintings, shields, cannons, bas-reliefs, firearms, and models of battles and warships. The museum also contains an impressive collection of thousands of weapons that date back to the 19th century, including some arms that were used when Tunisian troops fought alongside Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War against Russia. There are also several interesting exhibits throughout the museum that tell visitors about the history of Tunisia over the past 3000 years.
One of the most fascinating archaeological sites in the world is Carthage, which is located just outside Tunis. Carthage, now a modern suburb of Tunis, was the capital of Ancient Carthage. It was founded in the 9th century BC, eventually becoming the center of an important trading empire throughout the Mediterranean. The ancient city was destroyed in 146 BC by the Romans, was eventually rebuilt and became one of the most important Roman cities. There are many historical sites to discover in Carthage, including the Punic port, which is thought to have been the site of child sacrifices, as well as the Antonine Baths used during the Roman era.Location: Carthage (approximately 15 km from Tunis)
If you’re curious to learn more about the history and culture of Ancient Carthage, be sure to visit the National Museum of Carthage. It is full of fascinating displays that provide visitors with information about the many archaeological sites in Carthage, including the amphitheatre, the Antonine Baths, and the Punic ports. Its collections contain hundreds of artifacts such as jewelry, weapons, marble sarcophagi, death masks, and many other Punic and Roman treasures. One of the most popular exhibits is the detailed model of Punic Carthage. As you leave the museum, make sure to take advantage of the spectacular views of the city, harbor, and Tunis in the distance.Location: Colline de Byrsa, Carthage (approximately 15 km from Tunis)
Vacation rentals in Tunis (Tunis)
How to get there ?
By plane: Tunis has its own airport, Tunis-Carthage International Airport (TTA), which is located approximately 8 km from the city center. It provides flights to a number of cities throughout the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. From the airport, travelers can reach the city center by taxi, metro, or bus.Website: http://www.tunis-airport.com/By train: Tunis is the primary railway hub for the country of Tunisia. Its passenger trains are run by Tunisian Railways (SNCFT). Their website provides extensive information regarding train schedules, routes, and fares between Tunis and a number of other Tunisian and North African cities.Website: http://www.sncft.com.tn/By bus: Tunis is home to two bus stations that provide services throughout the city as well as throughout the country. Domestic bus services are provided by SNTI, which generally provides services to more locations than Tunisian trains. More information on fares, routes, and schedules can be found on the SNTI website.Website: http://www.sntri.com.tn/#By boat: Tunis can be reached from several international cities by ferry, including Palermo, Naples, Marseille, Trapani, and Livorno.By metro: Tunis has a metro system that is a cheap way to travel around the city. However, visitors should be aware that it tends to be very busy during the morning and evening commute, so travelling at off-peak times is advised.
Tunis city hall
Hotels in Tunis (Tunis)