Presentation of the destination
Kiev is the capital of Ukraine, it has nearly 3 million inhabitants. Historically, Kiev is the historical and cultural center of Ruthenia, a region of Central Europe populated by the Slavs. It stretches for more than thirty kilometers square. Its orthodox religious heritage is one of the most emblematic facets of the city. The golden dome of monasteries, churches and cathedrals mark indeed the urban landscape. Crossed by the Dnieper, it hosts summer beaches and its gardens delight visitors whether they are snowy or flowery. The main artery of the city, Khreschchiatik Street, is located in the heart of the Independence Square, a major venue for the Orange Revolution of 2004. The Volodimirska Street connects with one another. the most beautiful sites of the city: the cathedrale Sainte-Sophie and the Porte Dorée, fortress of the XIth century. In addition to its historical monuments, Kiev includes many underground shopping centers, typical of cold countries.
Points of interests / things to see
Kiev is crossed by the Dnieper, river that flows into the Black Sea. The western part of the city is home to the historic center and has many wooded hills, ravines and small streams. The eastern district of the city dates from the twentieth century. It is from this side of Kiev that the Dnieper valley was laid out in many beaches. There are sixteen in all. They cover 140 hectares. Kiev is also characterized by many water points. 448 rivers, lakes and ponds mark the urban landscape of the city. The climate is continental: cold and snowy in the winter, milder the summer. It is also nice to discover Kiev around Christmas instead of summer. Only the month of March is to avoid, the melting of the snow making the streets practicable.
The Kiev site was occupied after the paleolithic era. The city was founded in the 5th century. She was in charge of the commercial exchanges between Constantinople and Scandinavia. In the 7th century, the city stretched over 4 hectares and was fortified by a palisade of wood and earth. Slavic princes Kij, Scek and Khoriv developed the city in the 9th century. The city was taken in 882 by a Varese ruler and was then consecrated the capital of the Ruthenian state. Vladimir I introduced Greek Christianity to the throne of the eleventh century. Vladimir built many churches and stone buildings to make his capital a truly powerful city. The monastery of the caves was built at that time. A princely residence, a Christian and cultural center, Kiev radiated fully. But conflicts of succession led to the annexation of the city to the Polish-Lithuanian Union. The city was subsequently attached to the Russian Empire at the time of Tsarina Catherine II. In 1917, Ukraine proclaimed its independence and Kiev became the capital of the new People's Republic before being incorporated into the USSR. The Soviet occupation of the city by the Red Army caused a lot of damage. The city finally became independent after the fall of the USSR in 1991 and gradually adopted a market economy.
The monastery Laure of the Kiev Caves was consecrated in 1051. Since its creation, it has been an orthodox Christian center in Eastern Europe. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the 7 wonders of Ukraine. The monastic complex includes a cathedral, several steeples, a system of underground caves and a fortified enclosure. The great bell tower of the monastery is almost 100 meters high. This bell tower was the highest in the world at the time of its construction in the early eighteenth century. Designed by architect Johann Gottfried Schädel, it is classic in style and is topped with a golden dome. The church of Trinidad would have been founded by Prince Svyatoslav. Its walls are decorated with stucco decorations by the craftsman Stefaovych. A golden pear-shaped dome was added in the eighteenth century. The Church of the Most Holy Saints was erected in 1698. It is a unique example of Ukrainian Baroque architecture. Its iconostasis dates back to the 18th century. The Laure caves include a complex system of narrow and underground corridors. There are catacombs, many chapels and places of residence. In the sixteenth century, the legend told that it stretched for several hundred kilometers, until Moscow and Novgorod.
The first foundations of the Hagia Sophia cathedral were established in 1011 but the work lasted almost twenty years. It was inspired by the Hagia Sophia cathedral of Constantinople, erected in the 6th century of our era. The cathedral is organized into five naves and five apses, surrounded by three wings. It includes 13 cupolas. The facade rises up to 55 meters high. The interior of the church still houses today frescoes and mosaics of the XI century, some of which represent the family of Prince Yaroslav. The building suffered a lot of damage throughout the centuries. Pillared by the Mongol Tatars, abased during the attempt to unite the Catholic and Orthodox churches in the 16th century, it was renovated in the 17th century. The architect Octaviano Mancini thus preserved the Byzantine interior of the cathedral while refurbishing the exterior in the Ukrainian Baroque style. In the eighteenth century, a bell tower, a monastery, a seminary and the residence of the Metropolitan were built. This architectural complex today marks the urban landscape of Kiev. Its pale blue walls, its green and golden dèmes give the city a mysterious and moving charm. The cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the 7 Wonders of Ukraine.
The Kiev TV Tower is 385 meters above ground level. Completed in 1973, its construction cost nearly $ 12 million. The tower consists of steel pipes of different sizes and diameters. She weighs 2700 tons. One of the most impressive features of the tower is that the pipes are not attached mechanically. The whole is only thanks to the welding. The television tower is close to the Dnieper and is one of the most emblematic buildings in the city.
An architectural curiosity attracts thousands of visitors every year to Kiev. The House of Chimères is indeed a rare and extraordinary example of art nouveau architecture in the heart of Lypky's historic district. Opposite the offices of the President of Ukraine, she has served as a presidential residence and reception since 2005. She is at the heart of a pedestrian zone. The architect Vladislav Gorodetsky built it in 1902 to reside there. However, he had to sell it and it was occupied by a communist clinic until the beginning of the year 2000. The front of the house is decorated with many curvilinear decorations and floral motifs. The richness of the Art Nouveau style of this house earned Gorodetsky the nickname of Gaudi of Kiev. The sculptor Emilio Sala made all the sculptures on the front and inside the house. Mythological creatures, mermaids, dolphins and frogs populate the roof of the building while the facade features trophy trophies and tragic maritime scenes. The apartments are just as ornate. You can admire a remarkably decorated grand staircase and chandeliers depicting catfish trapped by stems of lotus flowers. Legend has it that the architect Gorodetsky cursed the house when he had to leave it in 1913. All the future owners of the house would then be condemned to eternal misery.
Kiev's Golden Gate is an ancient gateway to the city's medieval precinct. It now houses a museum. Yaroslav the Wise made it build between 1017 and 1024, according to the model of the Golden Gate of Constantinople. It belonged to the fortification system of the city which stretched on 3.5 kilometers. The door served for 500 years of triumphal arch in Kiev. Partially destroyed by the onslaught of the Golden Horde of Batu Khan in 1240, it was completely renovated in 1982. A monument to Yaroslav the Wise was inaugurated in 1997.
Independence Square is the center of Kiev. Its name celebrates the independence of Ukraine in 1991. It was laid out in the early eighteenth century on a vacant lot called the Marsh of the Goat. . The square was home to the city's market and folkloric entertainment. The Kiev Assembly was held there in 1876. In the Soviet era, the square was completely rebuilt in a Stalinist neo-classical style. The central post office and the clock tower of the trading house are among its emblematic buildings. The square comes alive every night thanks to its fountain which offers a wonderful show of water games and light. It now houses a monument to the legendary siblings that would have founded the city of Kiev.
The monumental sculpture of the Mother of the Motherland is one of the many symbols of the city of Kiev. This steel statue, 62 meters high, overlooks the museum of the Great Patriotic War. It is an allegory of the Ukrainian motherland, holding a right hand sword and a shield symbolizing the USSR with the other hand. A gigantic flame burns at the big Ukrainian national festivals. It houses the memorial of the Great War, where the names of nearly 12,000 Ukrainian soldiers and workers are engraved. They all have the title of hero of the Soviet Union or of the Socialist Labor Heroes. The work as its symbolic is nowadays the subject of many controversies and disputes.
Vacation rentals in Kiev (Kyiv city)
How to get there ?
Two airports serve the city of Kiev. Boryspil International Airport has many services around the world. Several bus and minibus lines connect the airport to Kiev city center. Taxis also wait for passengers at the arrivals terminal. It is nevertheless recommended to agree the amount of the race with the driver before the start. Zhulany Airport provides short trips from Ukraine and its bordering countries. Two buses connect it to Kiev and taxis are also available. The Kiev railway station connects the city with the major capitals of Eastern Europe. Inside the city, the most convenient form of public transport remains the metro. Built in the 1950s, its oldest stations are richly decorated with long vestibules decorated with chandeliers. The entrances of the stations are often majestic pavilions. The network of three lines marks the stop at more than 50 stations, thus squaring the surface of the city. The city also has a historic funicular connecting the city center to the new shopping districts. During the trips, one enjoys a beautiful view of the Dnieper. A network of trams and buses also exists and facilitates travel to Kiev.
Kiev city hall
Hotels in Kiev (Kyiv city)