Presentation of the destination
Blackpool is a Lancashire seaside town in the northwestern part of the United Kingdom. It would take its name from a drainage channel that was moving across the sea, forming a black pond. The name Blackpool could also come from the region's dialect for the word "stream": "poole". This renowned seaside resort is known for its network of historic green and white trams. The city became famous from the late nineteenth century, when nobles and British bourgeois began to prove interest in spa treatments. It now lives mainly tourism: it is full of entertainment and amusement parks. In winter, numerous economic and political conferences take place in the halls of its biggest buildings. Its modern architecture runs along its beach and three jetties.
Points of interests / things to see
Blackpool, Lancashire's authoritarian unit, lies on the northwest coast of the Irish Sea between the estuaries of Ribble and Wyre. The city lies 43 kilometers north of Liverpool and 64 kilometers north-west of Manchester. The density of its population of 142,100 makes it the fourth most populous municipality in England and Wales outside the London area. It stretches along a sandy beach of 11 kilometers. It enjoys a maritime temperate climate similar to that of the rest of the United Kingdom. Temperatures have few eruptions during the year, rainfall is plentiful (more than a millimeter rush 143 days a year) and the wind is blowing reaper regularly.
The presence of an animal skeleton over 12,000 years old in Blackpool proves that the site was inhabited by men from the Palaeolithic era. A British tribe, the Setantii whose name means the residents of the water, lived there thereafter, until his Fort of Dowbridge in Kirkham fell to the Romans in the year 80 of our Are. At that time, the region was covered with forests of oaks and peat bogs. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the site was populated by the tribes of the Angles and Saxons, as well as by the Vikings, without notable wars between these different ethnic groups. The first solid house, Foxhall, was built at the end of the 17th century by Royalist Edward Tyldesley. In the middle of the eighteenth century, the city experienced an expansion related to the popularity of spa vacations. Thomas Clifton and Siir Henry Hoghton built private roads to get there, and a stagecoach service was established from Manchester and Halifax. Several hotels were built. The construction of a railway line in 1840 further enlarges the city, and in 1886, Blackpool was already a city of 14,000 inhabitants, consisting of three jetties, numerous theaters and animations.
The Grand Theater of Blackpool was designed by the architect Frank Matcham in the Victorian style in force at the time. It was an order from troop director Thomas Sergenson, who used the future theater site as a circus. The Grand Theater was built in seven months and cost nearly 20,000 pounds. The inauguration took place in July 1894, when Hamlet, the play of Shakespeare, was played there for the first time. The theater is characterized by the presence of a cantilevered structure that supports the terraces, which avoids the presence of many pillars that disturb the view of the spectators. The theater immediately knew the success until the 30s and 70s, when the growing popularity of cinema and television made it his attendance. It was almost destroyed in 1972, but it managed to be classified as a historical monument which led to its restoration. The reopening took place in 1981 and put another piece of Shakespeare at the poster: "the Venice merchant". Today the theater hosts the most popular musical comedies alongside classical theater repertoire.
The Blackpool calendar is punctuated by many events and festivals extremely popular. The annual Blackpool Dance Festival is one of the highlights of the ballroom dance competition. Hometown of many musicians (Robert Smith, singer of the Cure, Jethro Tull, progressive rock band and Andy Summers, guitarist of The Police) Blackpool hosts the Punk Rock Rebellion Festival. Finally, the Blackpool Illuminations that illuminate the Waterfront of their many facilities on 11 kilometers are among the favorite attractions of tourists. They last from the end of August until early November, and thus ensure the dynamism of the city after the high season.
Blackpool is reputed to be the "gay capital of the north" of England. Indeed, resorts have long been the refuge of homosexual populations stigmatized in the rest of the country, until the democratization of their sexual practices in the 1960s. The gay community became particularly prosperous in Blackpool during World War II, when proliferating the creation of cafes, pubs and clubs where she could meet. This legacy still persists and there are still many places to go, including a burlesque cabaret, Funny Girls, which is extremely popular. The city highlighted its aspect of gay tourism destination since the 1990s, and continues to be a hotbed of the UK's LGBT community.
Three jetties are located near Blackpool beach. The first, North Pier, was designed by Eugenius Birch and was erected in 1862 by Blackpool Pier Company. 500 meters long, it includes many attractions. The Carousel Bar, at the head of the pier, presents a Victorian wrought iron gate and is the largest garden in Blackpool where you can drink beer. A Victorian lounge, a games arcade, good adventure tellers, a theater and an ice cream parlor also contribute to making it a lively and popular place for tourists. The South Pier, South Pier, was built in 1892 by the Blackpool South Shore Pier & Pavilion Company. It included a Victorian theater that was destroyed by several fires. It was replaced by an arcade of modern games in 1963. The pier is covered with many attractions. You can go on a trampoline or enjoy the thrill rides. Central Pier runs perpendicular to the sea and was built shortly after North Pier. Ballrooms were held there until the Second World War, but have since been transformed into a theater, bars and arcades of games in the 1970s. It is famous for its big wheel of 33 meters high, tribute to the Victorian wheel twice as high that was burnt by a fire.
The Blackpool Tower, erected in May 1894, was inspired by the Eiffel Tower. It rises to 158 meters high on the landscape of Blackpool. It was built with the goal of attracting more and more tourists to Blackpool and costing 42,000 pounds. An aquarium of 1874 was once in its midst. The base of the tower is hidden by the buildings in front of it. The tower was a radar station of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. It is now home to the transmitters of local radio. A platform offers visitors an unparalleled view of the UK: Lancashire, Cumbria, Wales and the Isle of Man are discerned. A transparent floor also allows to get some thrills. A 4-D movie should soon be created there. On the site, humorous and mainstream shows take place regularly. The tower includes a ballroom, a children's indoor play park and a dungeon. On the day of the birth of Prince William's son, she was illuminated in blue to celebrate this happy event.
Blackpool has been the location of many British and international films and series. The film Funny Bones, starring Jerry Lewis, was shot there. This film is one of the jewels of the British black humor cinema. Shall we dance?, A 1996 Japanese film, marks the end of its history at the Blackpool Ballroom Dance Championships. The British Funland series highlighted the dark aspects of a city marked by excessive entertainment. Finally, the series of BBC Blackpool, nominated for the Golden Globe of the drama series, depicts the adventures of a tycoon of the entertainment of the city, dreaming to make it the "Las Vegas" British.
Among the many attractions in Blackpool, there are two zoos. One is dedicated to aquatic life, home to the largest crab in the world and has more than a thousand species. The classic zoo, among its many inhabitants, includes great girls, gorillas, elephants, giraffes and seals. Several amusement parks attract visitors: Nickelodeon Land, Pleasure Beach and Sandcastle Waterpark offer entertainment for young and old. The museum of wax statues of Madame Tussaud will delight tourists. Finally, the city includes mini golf, places where you can practice climbing.
Vacation rentals in Blackpool (England)
How to get there ?
A freeway, the M55, joins Blackpool Beach, greatly facilitating access to the city. We return to this highway taking exit 32 of the M6 road. Many inexpensive coaches crisscross the region and leave visitors in the many places of interest surrounding Blackpool. Blackpool is well served by the national rail network . Direct trains connect Blackpool and Manchester. For the rest of England, you have to go to Preston station, which is connected to Blackpool several times an hour. We can then travel to London, Birmingham and Glasgow. Blackpool International Airport is less than 10 kilometers from the city center. It is near the railway station and the shuttles connect it to the city. Ferries provide connections between Blackpool and cities in Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Netherlands. Within the city, buses connect main hotels at major attractions of the city. A historic tram line crisscrosses the city along the beach, from Starr Gate south to Fleetwood Ferry to the north. The line was created in 1885. If modern trams have been added, one can still visit the city in old vehicles. The seaside promenade is easily done by bike or on foot.
Hotels in Blackpool (England)