Presentation of the destination
Chester is a city in England in Cheshire and on the river Dee. Founded in 1541, it is close to the border of Wales. It is the largest and most populated city in the Cheshire West and Chester administrative unit with more than 90,000 inhabitants. His Patron Saint is Werburgh buried in the cathedral of the city. Its history is over 2000 years old and is one of the best preserved fortified towns in England. Today, the original ramparts are missing only a 100-meter long section. It was originally a Roman fort before being conquered by the Saxons and then the Normans. It is twinned with 4 cities in the world including Sens in France. It is a popular tourist destination thanks to its landscapes, gardens, rich cultural and industrial heritage, and white and black Victorian architecture.
Points of interests / things to see
Chester was originally a Roman fort named Deva Victrix around 80, during the reign of Emperor Vespasian. The current roads of the city - Eastgate, Northgate, Watergate and Bidge - still correspond to the roads of Roman times. Deva Victrix was one of the main military bases and became an important colony of the Roman province of Britannia. After the departure of the Romans, the Saxons fortified the city in the 5th century, to defend against the attacks of the Danish Vikings. They rename the city Chester. During the Norman conquest of England, Chester was one of the last cities to fall. William the Conqueror then ordered the construction of a castle to dominate the city and the border and he named the first Earl of Chester in 1071. With the Victorian period, many Medieval buildings They were restored in the style of the era, while the Town Hall and the Grosvenor Museum were built. It was also the era of the Industrial Revolution and so were built railroads, canals, and life stretched. Until the end of the Second World War, Chester experienced housing problems and extended his residential areas to agricultural areas.
Chester is located 3.2 kilometers south of the Mesozoic sandstone ridge, 42 meters above the Dee River. The eastern and northern parts of the city are forested and covered with heath. The climate of Chester is oceanic and despite its proximity to the Irish Sea, its temperatures are equivalent to those of the interior, due to the shelter that the mountains bring. Pennines to the northeast and the Welsh Mountains to the southwest. Chester's population is overwhelmingly (94.3%) made up of white Britons and the main religion is Christianity (76.4%).
The iconic landmarks of Chester are its ramparts, porches and the architecture of its black and white houses. The ramparts surround the medieval city on a three kilometer perimeter, skirted by a footpath that spans the Eastgate, Northgate, St Martin's Gate, Watergate, Bridgegate Wolfgate and Newgate gates. . The 'Rows' of Chester are unique in England: they consist of two-storey buildings with homes and shops on the ground floor, which are often lower than the street and you reach it by a few steps. Some of the architectures of the center of Chester are of mediaeval style, but most are of Victorian style, of "black and white revival". The most important buildings are the Town Hall and the cathedral. The first was inaugurated in 1869, in a Gothic style and has a tower and an arrow. Among the Roman remains, one can discover the amphitheater, currently used for archeological research and objects of epoch are exhibited in the Roman garden which extends from the Newgate gate to the Dee river where is also restored a hypocaust (underfloor heating system used in the Roman baths).
Dominating the Dee River, it is made up of the remains of the Medieval castle and the neo-classical buildings designed by the English architect Thomas Harrisson between 1788 and 1813. It was built Originally by the Earl of Chester. His tower was first made of wood before being replaced by a stone tower in the 12th century. It was called the Flag Tower. In the same century was built the stone gate of the inner wall - today called the Agricola Tower - with the chapel St Mary de Castro on the first floor which contains Norman remains. In the thirteenth century external walls were erected, the Agricola Tower was condemned and a residence was built along the inner wall. The same century, a new door was built flanked by two towers and a drawbridge over the moat. During the Civil War, the castle was assaulted by the forces of parliament in July 1643 and April 1645 and besieged with the rest of the city between September 1645 and February 1646. After the war it was used As a prison, as a court of law and tax office. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century, Thomas Harrisson restored the castle and added two new wings.
The cathedral was formerly the church of St Werburgh and it dates from the Romanesque era. His vaults and his altar finally chiseled are among the most elusive in the country. It was largely restored in the nineteenth century and in 1975 was added a tower of bells. Other notable architectures include the ancient monastic buildings, and the oldest church in the city, St John, which is outside the ramparts and was formerly part of the city. Church of the cathedral. Some of the many churches in the city are now used for other purposes: in Bridge Street, St Michael is now a cultural center that promotes the heritage of Chester, Holy Trinity serves as a town hall, St Mary's On-the-Hill is an educational center and St Peter's is now a center of education. It stands on a Roman prehistoric and some of its materials date from its era. The current church dates from the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries with modifications made the following three centuries. It is made of red and approximately square sandstone. Its roof is crowned and its arrow is pyramidal - John Douglas' addition during its restoration of 1886 after the original arrow was repeatedly removed and rebuilt between the 14th and the 17th centuries.
The largest museum in the city is the Grosvenor Museum, which houses a collection of Roman tombs, paintings and musical instruments, a reconstruction of a Victorian living room and an art gallery. It is made of red bricks from Wales with a stone cladding and a renaissance style roof in red tiles. The largest park in Chester has the same name and is located on the left bank of the Dee River and hosts each week for eight weeks the Grosvenor Park Open Pair Theater Festival.
Tatton Park won the 2009 and 2010 Cheshire Attraction Awards. It welcomes 750,000 visitors a year in its 400 hectares of parks and its nineteenth-century home, its deer farm and its former Tudor hall. There is also evidence of the presence of Stone Age hunter peoples and a farm activity of Bronze Age peoples. Every year since 1999, it has been hosting a horticultural exhibition and regular concerts, antiques fairs and weddings.
The Chester Zoo is a zoological garden opened in 1931 which is the largest zoo in England with 45 hectares and 11,000 animals. It receives over a million visitors a year and is ranked among the top 15 zoos in the world by the American magazine Forbes. It was founded by George Mottershead, animal collector. The zoo expanded rapidly after the Second World War, despite the difficulty of finding building materials. Influenced by the inventor of the modern zoo Carl Hagenbeck and the Heini Hediger, Mottershead wanted a zoo without the traditional Victorian iron rod cages. He used the moat and ditch alternative for all species of animals, and so it was discovered that chimpanzees could not swim because he was not escaping. not from the island where they had been installed. Since 2009, the Chester Zoo has undergone a transformation plan to make it the largest conservation attraction in Europe, the first phase of which has created a tropical forest sanctuary for a group of gorillas and another of chimpanzees, okapi and a variety of tropical birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish and invertebrates.
Close to Chester is Delamere Forest, the largest forest area in Cheshire. It is populated with English butterflies of the species Small turtle, birds Pic Pepper, white-faced dragonflies Leucorrhine doubtful ... In the center of the forest is Lake Blakemere near which you can to see and hear black-headed gulls. Bird lovers will also be able to visit the Cheshire Falconry, which has about 60 trained Falcons and offers training courses from half an hour to several hours according to the desires and for all of them. ¢ ges.
Vacation rentals in Chester (England)
How to get there ?
Chester is crossed by major roads, such as the M53 that goes to Peninsula Wirral and Liverpool and the M56 to Manchester. The A55 road travels the coast north of Wales to Holyhead and the A483 connects Chester to the cities of Wrexham and Swansea to the south. The city is served by bus companies Stagecoach, First Group and Arriva. The railway station is called Chester General. Trains to Liverpool depart every 15 minutes (every half hour in the evening and on weekends). Frequent trains take the North Wales Coast Line, including Holyhead, where you can board a ferry to Ireland. Virgin Trains depart for London Euston via Crewe and Holyhead. The Arriva Trains Wales depart for Manchester Picadilly via Warrington Bank Quay and Cardiff Central / Birmingham New Street via Wrexham General. Finally Northern Rail trains also depart for Manchester via Northwitch. Chester can be easily explored on foot or by bicycle thanks to a pedestrian and cycling bridge on the Dee River that connects the Meadows with Huntington and Great Boughton, a track between Curzon Park and the Roodee, a green route between Hoole and Guilden Sutton and Mickle Trafford, and a track between the Millenium Cycle Road and Deva Link.
Hotels in Chester (England)