Presentation of the destination
Brighton and Hove is a city in the region of East Sussex in the United Kingdom. It is the largest spa resort in England. The merger of the cities of Brighton and Hove in 1997 led to the creation of a zone of unitary authority. Queen Elizabeth II recognized the two cities as city status in 2000. Although the official name of the place is Brighton and Hove, its inhabitants tend to use one or the other name and remain attached to it. distinct character of each city. The climate is oceanic. In the summer, the temperatures are lower than in the center of the country, rarely exceeding 25 degrees. Winters are mild but snow rushes occur regularly. The origin of the city dates back to the eleventh century. At that time it was called Brighthelmstone. It will only really prosper in the eighteenth century when sea bathing gains popularity.
Points of interests / things to see
In the nineteenth century, workers discovered a tumulus in the Hove area near Palmeira Square erected in 1200 before Jesus Christ. Standing more than six meters high, it contained, among other treasures, a cup of Baltic amber now exhibited in Hove. The origins of Brighton are however more recent. The city is featured in the Domesday Book, a collection of information from the first major census of England in 1086. It is referred to as Bristelmestune. The French sacked the city in 1514 and burned it down. Nothing has survived before this fire except for part of Saint Nicholas Church. In the mid-eighteenth century, Dr. Richard Russell of Lewes began to recommend the Sea Health Baths in Brighton. What was once a fishing village was then charmed with Georgian terraces and became a fashionable resort. The future King George IV made Brighton his favorite resort town, contributing to the popularity and expansion of the city. Brighton continued to grow with the arrival of the railway network in 1840 and the construction of many recreational buildings in the Victorian era, among which were the jetties and the Grand Hotel.
The Royal Pavilion of Brighton is certainly the most emblematic monument of this city of leisure and pleasure. The Prince of England had been sidelined by Brighton. This city where high gastronomy and gambling punctuated the days at the seaside had attracted the Prince from his first stay in 1783. He had been thinking since that year to install a secondary residence and he took this step when his doctor recommended the salt-water baths to cure his gout. Far from the London court, he was able to live with the woman he loved secretly, Maria Fitzherbert. The Royal Pavillion was then built by architect John Nash in a style characteristic of colonial England: the Indo-Saracenic. The old palace surprises visitors with its truly Indian appearance. But once the doors are crossed, new wonders are waiting to be discovered. The interior, of exotic inspiration, is indeed richly decorated and decorated with bas-reliefs and hangings in a thousand colors. Chinese dragons, Islamic arabesques and Mughal flourishes make the palace rooms truly enchanting places. The balconies of the palace offer a spectacular view of the Royal Gardens, characteristic of the English style. The amazing Royal Pavilion in Brighton is one of the city's major attractions, currently visited by 400,000 people each year.
Brighton is renowned for the quality of its beach. During a visit to Brighton, walks along the water are unavoidable. The beach of the city has been rewarded by the blue flag guaranteeing cleanliness of the water and respect of the ecosystem. Multiple activities can be done at the edge of this pebble beach at high tide and sand at low tide. The port is full of cafes and shops, while the sportsmen can enjoy the many boat rental clubs of all kinds: catamarans, windsurfers, jetskis, wakeboards, diving suits ...
The main pier of Brighton, the Palace Pier, was inaugurated on November 7, 1891. It was endangered many times throughout history. The theater that was built there was antedated by a thunderstorm in the 1970s, an IRA bomb was detected there in time in the 1990s and a fire at the origin unknown failed to destroy it in 2003. This jetty now hosts two arcades of games, traditional rides (carousel, ghost house, bumper cars) and roller coasters for thrill seekers. We will not fail to enjoy a fish and chips in one of the pubs of the thrown, after being entertained!
But another thrown ahead on the sea in Brighton: the West Pier. This pier is the only one classified as a first-class historic monument in the United Kingdom, recognized for its historical, architectural and scientific qualities. Damaged during the Second World War, some work was undertaken to restore it. Unfortunately, it was not sufficiently revived at this time and its condition deteriorated until it could not be further improved. Its faded beauty still arouses melancholy among the inhabitants of the city.
The clock tower of Brighton is one of the favorite buildings of its inhabitants. Yet this classic tower with Baroque details has seen many destroyers. Several architects have seen an aesthetic failure. The tower is now known for its seductive charm and its familiar air is still as much local. About 25 meters high, it has four dials with a diameter of one and a half meters. It was erected in 1887, when the jubilee of Queen Victoria was celebrated. Mainly built in Portland stone, its base and Corinthian columns are in pink granite. It features elongated bas-reliefs carved in scrolls and arabesques, as well as dolphins accompanied by boat prows that indicate the direction of the sea, Kempton, Hove and the train station. Pilasters and friezes are enclosed by balustrades. Its cornice is surmounted by a bronze dome. The tower was the starting point for many demonstrations in the Victorian era and was the cause of protests against the queen. The inventor Magnus Volk had created a hydraulic system composed of a sphere that went up and down before marking the hour in the heart of the tower. This small scientific miracle was nonetheless behind the building when the residents of Brighton complained of the noise it caused.
In 1883, Magnus Volk created a small 402-meter electric railway line linking Swimming Arch and the former Chain Pier. The car that was shuttling between these two points was driven by a current of fifty volts. The separation of the rails was enlarged in 1884 and the line was lengthened by 800 meters until reaching Paston Place. The electrical current was supplied by a surrounding arch. After this test, Volk built the Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway in 1896. The line was renovated and remains in working order nowadays. It extends from the Aquarium to Black Rock on a little less than two kilometers and marks the stop at Paston Place between the two terminals. The electric current is now 110 volts and a third rail has been added. It is now a tourist and historical waterfront attraction. Closed during the winter, its opening is subject to climatic hazards. The small yellow and brown locomotive offers its passengers an exceptional view of the sea, while inviting them to take a trip back in time. A wagon from the Volk's railway is on display in the Brighton Toys and Models Museum. This is a donation from Siemens.
Two festivals mark the cultural calendar of the city: the Brighton Festival and Brighton Fringe. The first takes place every month in May and was created in 1965. During this event, theater and dance performances, concerts, exhibitions, readings, dedications and fireworks delight the city. The Brighton Fringe also runs in May and promotes local talent. It allows artists to be spotted by professionals in the field. Thus the first festival receives many internationally renowned artists (Anish Kapoor, for example), while the second aims to improve the visibility of new talents.
Brighton boasts an enchanting public park: Queen's Park. Thomas Attree, real estate developer, built a residential park surrounded by villa in 1825, on the model of Regent's Park in London. A spa was inaugurated by Queen Victoria demonstrating the popularity of spa treatments in Brighton. The park is planted with various trees and bushes, it even includes a garden dedicated to stimulating the olfactory experience. In its center, a pond welcomes ducks, herons and geese. You can play tennis and "bowls", a typical English game. The park has an Anglican Church of the nineteenth century.
Vacation rentals in Hove (England)
How to get there ?
Brighton Airport provides connections to the Channel Islands, Rouen and Le Touquet in France. From other destinations, we land at either London Airport: Gatwick and Heathrow. The first is 30 minutes drive from Brighton, the second at 90 minutes. Buses also connect the airports to the resort. Brighton is only an hour away from London from Victoria Station. The connections take place twice an hour. Trains from Saint Pancras and London Bridge also connect the city. Finally, from West Country and South Wales, trains are direct to Brighton. Buses also shuttle between London Victoria and Brighton for a trip of just over two o'clock. Brighton is less than half an hour from Newhaven Harbor where boats depart for Dieppe. The city is finally surrounded by the following major ferry ports: Dover, Folkestone, Portsmouth and Southampton. Brighton is 45 minutes from London's M25. Just take the M23 / A23 to reach the city. The A27 road travels Brighton from east to west. Five bus lines crisscross downtown Brighton and Hove and taxis are available 24 hours a day.
Hotels in Hove (England)