Presentation of the destination
The city of York in England belongs to North Yorshire County and York District. It is located at the confluence of the English rivers Ouse and Foss in the north of England. The city of York covers 271.94 km² and has 193 inhabitants with a density of 710.82 inhabitants per km². The nickname of the city is "Capital of the North," and the city's motto is "Let the Banner of York Fly High". York is twinned with Dijon in France, MÃ¼nster in Germany and Fanteakwa in Ghana. York's climate is a temperate climate, a little hotter and dryer than in the rest of the county. There is regular frost, fog, wind, and even snow in the winter, but summer often arrives early, with an average of six hours of sunshine a day. Temperatures vary between 7Â ° C and 22Â ° C.
Points of interests / things to see
York was founded by the Romans in 71 after Jesus Christ who called it Eboracum and made it the capital of the province of Inner Brittany. At the time, the tribes which inhabit it belong to the tribes of Parisii and Brigantes. It was the capital of Northrumbria - invaded lands in the sixth century by the Angles - and renamed Eoferwic. During the 9th and 12th centuries, it was conquered by the Vikings who made it the capital of the Viking kingdom of York, under the name of Jorvik. In the Coppergate Shopping Center, Jorvik Vinking Center, a must-see, offers reconstructions of Viking-era streets, remnants of houses and objects dating back over 1000 years, to discover where the Vikings came from, why they came to York and how they lived. The center is located on the excavation site of one of the most incredible modern archeological discoveries of the years 1976-1981: houses, workshops and gardens from the era of the Viking invasion . The city was conquered in 1066 by the King of Norway Harald Hardrada and then by the future Knut II of Denmark, English rebels in October 1068, and finally by William the Conqueror in December 1068.
In July opens one of York's most popular summer attractions: The Labyrinth, which adopts a new plot every year. In 2012, in keeping with the Mayan calendar that announced the end of the world that year, it took for example the form of the god of the Mayan corn. Drawn in 1.5 million plants, this maze is probably the world's largest vegetable labyrinth. Walking through it includes an adventure playground, a 9-hole golf course and animals that munch on the labyrinth. The site also offers a tractor or trailer ride, a coffee shop and a gift shop.
Approximately 181,000 people live in York, social and ethnic diversity is almost non-existent and the population is slightly older than the national average, despite the presence of college students. © college. Founded in 1963 with only 230 students in the first year, York University has become, according to the Times Higher Education, the world's eighth and best-in-the-UK university. among universities under 50 years old. It was named "University of the Year" in 2003 by the Sunday Times and in 2010 by the American Times. York University now has 30 departments of the arts, social sciences and natural, physical and technological sciences. The number of students today stands at 16,000. It is mostly located on the Heslington campus just a few minutes walk from downtown in southeastern York within a green space that surrounds a lake. Some departments are also located in the center at King's Manor, one of the most attractive and atypical places in the city. The university is open to visits, for future students but also for the curious, and even offers an "audio tour", available at home students or downloadable on smartphones.
Growing throughout the Middle Ages thanks to the wool trade, York ended with the industrial revolution. Thus, many middle-age constructions were conserved - and not destroyed to be replaced by factories as in other cities. With the interest of the nineteenth century for the Middle Ages, important renovations were carried out and thus remained intact, including the 15th century cathedral. cle, which is the largest gothic building in northern Europe. Another remnant of the medieval period, still in effect, the killing of a Scotchman is allowed in the city, if he carries a bow and arrows.
Called in English York Minster and formally "Cathedral and Metropolitan Church of St. Peter in York", the cathedral is the seat of the archbishop and diocese of York. It is surrounded by the Treasurer's House, Dean's Park and St. William's College. This imposing cathedral was at first only a wooden chapel erected to baptize the Anglo-Saxon king Edwin of Northumbria in the year 627. The king made it then did some work but was later abandoned before the English bishop Saint-Wilfrid restored it and had a school and a library built around it. It was destroyed by fire in 741 and rebuilt and enlarged, before being again damaged by fire in 1069. In 1080, archbishop Thomas Bayeux undertook reconstruction in a Norman style with a length of 111 meters. The foundations of the period are still visible in the basement. It was then enlarged on the sides during the twelfth century. Archbishop Walter Gray helped to give the cathedral its Gothic style between 1215 and 1255, and built the chapel of the Virgin, the choir and transepts south and north. The central tower collapsed in 1407 and was rebuilt in 1472, then the cathedral was finally completed with the addition of the western towers.
York Castle is a fortified complex south of the Foss River. It was built by order of William the Conqueror to dominate the city in 1068. In 1069 it was reinforced by the organization of rivers, including an artificial lake and a moat. In the 13th century, Henry III rebuilt the stone castle, with a unique quadrilobe dungeon, supported by a wall and a guardhouse. Between 1298 and 1338, the castle served as both a center for royal administration and a base for military operations. It fell into ruins in the fifteenth and sixteenth century and often served as a prison. Under the reign of Elizabeth first, it is considered that it had no more military value and served as the center of the royal authority of York. During the first English revival in 1642 the castle was fortified to serve as a defense to the "Riders" (royalists) facing the "Round Heads" (Puritan supporters of Parliament). In 1684, it was rebuilt in a neoclassical style and became a county administrative center and a prison. In the 19th century, another prison was built on the site and the Clifford Tower became a national monument in the 20th century, which now houses the York Castle Museum and the Criminal Court.
At 35 Stonegate, "Haunted", the 700-year-old haunted house will delight thrill seekers. Located in one of York's oldest neighborhoods, it is said that 6 feet under the current sidewalk is the Roman "Via Praetoria" connecting the Roman Fortress to the bridge over the Ouse River. Some visitors speak of a frightening meeting with a "presence", others of ghosts of ghosts, others testify to having felt a cold contact coming from nowhere that disappears immediately. They are turning around. But you'll be protected by the bible hanging at the front door that keeps devilish spirits away as far as possible. If you do not have enough, visit the all-new York Keep, for discover 2000 years of troubled history through 11 scenes with bloody humor, by actors in decorations and authentic costumes. The most infamous criminals and scoundrels such as the highway robber Dick Turpin, the rascal Guy Fawkes and the Viking king Eric Bloodaxe are honored. Also discover the labyrinth of the lost Roman legion and the fate of the Yorshire witches, or the torture room.
Every September at least, there is the Festival of Food and Drink, which has been in existence since 1997. Its aim is to showcase the York and North Yorkshire culinary culture by promoting local production. For 10 days, the festival receives 150,000 visitors from all over the country. The York ham (York ham), a delicate, rosé ham, lightly smoked and traditionally served with Mader sauce, is particularly popular. Folklore tells us that it is from the oak that was used to build the cathedral that comes the sawdust that allowed the ham to be smoked.
One of the "must-see" is the National Railway Museum on Leeman Road, the world's largest museum dedicated to the train. For lovers of ancient architecture, the Roman walls built under Septimius Severus (Roman emperor who ruled from 193 to 211) are partially preserved, as well as the amphitheater. antique. For art lovers, the York Art Gallery has a large collection of paintings from the 14th century to the present day as well as 20th century ceramics. The building was built for the Yorkshire Art and Industry Exhibition in 1879 before becoming the City Art Gallery in 1892.
Vacation rentals in York (England)
How to get there ?
By train, York is 2 hours from London and Edinburgh. You can also come directly from Manchester (1h20), Liverpool 2h10) and Birmingham (2h15). York is easily accessible from Leeds / Bradford, Manchester, Humberside and Robin Hood Doncaster / Sheffield airports. From Leeds / Bradford Airport, it is advisable to take bus 757 to get to Leeds Railway Station, from where there are frequent trains to York. From Manchester Airport, take Transpennine trains to York. If you travel by car, York is equidistant from London and Edinburgh and 20 minutes from the M1 / M62 motorway network. The journey London-York lasts about 3:50, Edinburgh-York 4:10, Manchester-York 1:30. Five car parks are available in York, free and secure. You will also find York Street's 498-seat parking lot near public transportation and tourist attractions, which offers space reservations. By ferry, go to the P & O Sea Ferries terminal at Kingston-upon-Hull, crossing from the Netherlands and Belgium. From there, the Jim Bell Coaches bus service connects the harbor to York every day. In the city itself, a company offers tours of 45 minutes to an hour by boat from February to December, to observe the monuments, bridges and historical points of view on the river Ouse . You will also find bus tours and bicycles for rent.
Hotels in York (England)